Abstract

We demonstrate three-dimensional trapping of low-index particles (20-μm-diameter hollow glass spheres in water) by using a single, strongly focused, stationary dark optical vortex laser beam. The holographically generated vortex, which is similar to a TEM01* mode beam, was also used to trap and form ring patterns of high-index particles.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1995

1993

K. Svoboda, C. Schmidt, B. SchnappNature (London) 365, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. AshkinBiophys. J. 61, 569 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, M. V. VasnetsovJ. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

W. H. Wright, G. Sonek, Y. Tadir, M. W. BernsIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2148 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

S. Block, L. Goldstein, B. SchnappNature (London) 348, 348 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicBer. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 93, 254 (1989).

1986

1974

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicAppl. Phys. Lett. 24, 586 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1962

G. A. Askar’yanSov. Phys. JETP 15, 1088 (1962).

Asch, R. H.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

Ashkin, A.

A. AshkinBiophys. J. 61, 569 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicBer. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 93, 254 (1989).

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, S. ChuOpt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicAppl. Phys. Lett. 24, 586 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Askar’yan, G. A.

G. A. Askar’yanSov. Phys. JETP 15, 1088 (1962).

Bazhenov, V. Y.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, M. V. VasnetsovJ. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Berns, M. W.

W. H. Wright, G. Sonek, Y. Tadir, M. W. BernsIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2148 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Block, S.

S. Block, L. Goldstein, B. SchnappNature (London) 348, 348 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicBer. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 93, 254 (1989).

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, S. ChuOpt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicAppl. Phys. Lett. 24, 586 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, L.

S. Block, L. Goldstein, B. SchnappNature (London) 348, 348 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Higurashi, E.

Kitamura, N.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Koshioka, M.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Masuhara, H.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ohguchi, O.

Ord, T.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

K. Svoboda, C. Schmidt, B. SchnappNature (London) 365, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schnapp, B.

K. Svoboda, C. Schmidt, B. SchnappNature (London) 365, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Block, L. Goldstein, B. SchnappNature (London) 348, 348 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonek, G.

W. H. Wright, G. Sonek, Y. Tadir, M. W. BernsIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2148 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, M. V. VasnetsovJ. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Svoboda, K.

K. Svoboda, C. Schmidt, B. SchnappNature (London) 365, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tadir, Y.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

W. H. Wright, G. Sonek, Y. Tadir, M. W. BernsIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2148 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ukita, H.

Vafa, O.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

Vasnetsov, M. V.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, M. V. VasnetsovJ. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wright, W. H.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

W. H. Wright, G. Sonek, Y. Tadir, M. W. BernsIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2148 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, H. MasuharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicAppl. Phys. Lett. 24, 586 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem.

A. Ashkin, J. M. DziedzicBer. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 93, 254 (1989).

Biophys. J.

A. AshkinBiophys. J. 61, 569 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fertil. Steril.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, M. W. BernsFertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1990).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. H. Wright, G. Sonek, Y. Tadir, M. W. BernsIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2148 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, M. V. VasnetsovJ. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. Block, L. Goldstein, B. SchnappNature (London) 348, 348 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Svoboda, C. Schmidt, B. SchnappNature (London) 365, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Sov. Phys. JETP

G. A. Askar’yanSov. Phys. JETP 15, 1088 (1962).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Intensity profile at z = zobj of a vortex beam with a dark central core. (b) Cone of light formed by a focused vortex beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gradient and scattering forces exerted on a low-index particle (a) by an arbitrary ray and (b) at the equilibrium position.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup for vortex trapping using a microscope objective (Obj) and a cell containing hollow glass spheres in water and monitored with a CCD camera: BS, beam splitter; M, mirror; CGH, computer-generated hologram; TV, television monitor.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

20-μm-diameter hollow glass sphere trapped within an optical vortex beam (not visible) (a), (b) transversely and (b), (c) longitudinally translated with respect to a larger untrapped particle. (d) Ring of 10-μm-diameter high-index polystyrene particles formed near the perimeter of an optical vortex beam.

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