Abstract

We report the characterization of a new pulse stretcher that provides a linear and positive variation of the group delay as a function of the optical frequency. It consists of a perpendicular chirped-grating pair introduced by Tournois [Opt. Commun. 106, 253 (1994)] that allows 20-fs pulses to be stretched to 100 ps. The system is tested by short-pulse spectral interferometry. We designed and realized the chirped gratings by phase volume holographic recording in a highly efficient photopolymer.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. TournoisOpt. Commun. 106, 253 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. B. TreacyIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 455 (1969).
  3. E. E. MartinezIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.
  5. J. K. Rhee, T. S. Sosnowski, T. B. Norris, J. A. Arms, W. S. ColbrunOpt. Lett. 19, 1550 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Solymarin Volume Holography and Volume Gratings, L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, eds. (Academic, New York, 1981), p. 13.
  8. F. Reynaud, F. Salin, A. BarthelemyOpt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. TournoisElectron. Lett. 29, 1414 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. O. White, C. Ludwig, J. KuhlJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1687 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. D. Perry, G. MourouScience 264, 917 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (3)

1993 (1)

P. TournoisElectron. Lett. 29, 1414 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

E. E. MartinezIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. B. TreacyIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 455 (1969).

Arms, J. A.

Barthelemy, A.

Cheriaux, G.

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

Colbrun, W. S.

Delboulbé, A.

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

Huignard, J.-P.

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

Kuhl, J.

Loiseaux, B.

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

Ludwig, C.

Martinez, E. E.

E. E. MartinezIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mickish, D. J.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

M. D. Perry, G. MourouScience 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, T. B.

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry, G. MourouScience 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reynaud, F.

Rhee, J. K.

Salin, F.

F. Reynaud, F. Salin, A. BarthelemyOpt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

Smothers, W. K.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Solymar, L.

L. Solymarin Volume Holography and Volume Gratings, L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, eds. (Academic, New York, 1981), p. 13.

Sosnowski, T. S.

Tournois, P.

P. TournoisOpt. Commun. 106, 253 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. TournoisElectron. Lett. 29, 1414 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. TreacyIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 455 (1969).

Trout, T. J.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A. M.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

White, J. O.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. TournoisElectron. Lett. 29, 1414 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. B. TreacyIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 455 (1969).

E. E. MartinezIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. TournoisOpt. Commun. 106, 253 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. MickishProc. SPIE 1212, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. D. Perry, G. MourouScience 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

L. Solymarin Volume Holography and Volume Gratings, L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, eds. (Academic, New York, 1981), p. 13.

P. Tournois, B. Loiseaux, A. Delboulbé, J.-P. Huignard, G. Cheriaux, F. Salinin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 16 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD43.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pair of chirped perpendicular gratings providing a linear time delay as a function of frequency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Phase volume holography in a photopolymer: ray-tracing diagram for readout with a Ti:sapphire laser. (b) Theoretical single-pass group-delay deviation from linearity versus frequency for three different recording configurations: parabolic recording wave fronts and θ′ = 0° (solid line), parabolic recording wave fronts and θ′ = 45° (dotted curve), and spherical recording wave fronts and θ′ = 45° at λ0 (dashed curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for determination of the time delay by spectral interferometry: G1, constant period; G2, chirped period.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Group-delay deviation from linearity. Points, experimental data of the perpendicular grating pair; solid curve, calculated curve for the antiparallel gratings (D = 44 cm, a = 0.830 μm, i = 22°).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin θ = p λ a 1 = p c a 1 f ,
cos θ = p λ a 2 = p c a 2 f .
A B = d 1 sin θ = d 2 cos θ , A B = a 1 d 1 p c f = a 2 d 2 p c f ,
T d = a 1 d 1 p c 2 f .
Δ T d = a 1 d 1 p c 2 Δ f .
T d = T d ( 1 / 2 ) [ 1 ( p c / a 1 f ) 2 ] 1 / 2 .

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