Abstract

We report modeling, fabrication, and characterization of tapered waveguides, using periodically segmented annealed proton exchange in LiNbO3. For a taper transforming the 1/e full width (intensity) mode size from 6.0 μm × 4.4 μm to 2.0 μm × 1.3 μm, 0.4-dB excess loss was observed. The large, slightly elliptical mode can ease coupling to single-mode fibers and circular free-space beams. The same taper structure was used to excite a highly multimoded (13 modes) waveguide with more than 95% of the power stably launched into the lowest-order mode. This function is useful for nonlinear waveguide devices, such as difference-frequency generators, in which modes at highly disparate wavelengths interact.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).
  2. H. S. Kim, S. Sinha, R. V. RamaswamyIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1049 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Weissman, A. HardyElectron. Lett. 28, 1514 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Weissman, A. HardyJ. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1831 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Weissman, I. HendelJ. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2053 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Dorgeuille, B. Mersali, S. Francois, G. Hervé-Gruyer, M. FilocheOpt. Lett. 20, 581 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Li, J. J. BurkeOpt. Lett. 17, 1195 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Thyagarajan, C. W. Chein, R. V. Ramaswany, H. S. Kim, H. C. ChengOpt. Lett. 19, 880 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Herrmann, W. SohlerJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 278 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.
  13. C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, S. J. B. Yooin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 288.
  15. M. D. Feit, J. A. FleckAppl. Opt. 20, 848 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerOpt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Regener, W. SohlerAppl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (3)

Z. Weissman, I. HendelJ. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Dorgeuille, B. Mersali, S. Francois, G. Hervé-Gruyer, M. FilocheOpt. Lett. 20, 581 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (4)

L. Li, J. J. BurkeOpt. Lett. 17, 1195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, S. Sinha, R. V. RamaswamyIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1049 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Weissman, A. HardyJ. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1831 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Z. Weissman, A. HardyElectron. Lett. 28, 1514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerOpt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

R. Regener, W. SohlerAppl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

Bortz, M. L.

M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerOpt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, S. J. B. Yooin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 288.

Brooks, D.

D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Burke, J. J.

Chein, C. W.

Cheng, H. C.

Deri, R. J.

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

Dorgeuille, F.

Feit, M. D.

Fejer, M. M.

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerOpt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, S. J. B. Yooin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 288.

Filoche, M.

Fleck, J. A.

Francois, S.

Hardy, A.

D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Weissman, A. HardyJ. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1831 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Weissman, A. HardyElectron. Lett. 28, 1514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hendel, I.

Z. Weissman, I. HendelJ. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, H.

Hertz, H. M.

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hervé-Gruyer, G.

Kawahara, M.

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

Lang, R. J.

S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.

Li, L.

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mersali, B.

Nam, D. W.

S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.

Nir, D.

D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, R. V.

H. S. Kim, S. Sinha, R. V. RamaswamyIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1049 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswany, R. V.

Regener, R.

R. Regener, W. SohlerAppl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, S.

S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.

Serkland, D.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, S. J. B. Yooin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 288.

Seto, M.

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

Shahar, A.

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

Shinozaki, K.

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, S.

H. S. Kim, S. Sinha, R. V. RamaswamyIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1049 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

H. Herrmann, W. SohlerJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 278 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. Regener, W. SohlerAppl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Thyagarajan, K.

Tomlinson, W. J.

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

Watanabe, K.

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Weissman, Z.

Z. Weissman, I. HendelJ. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Weissman, A. HardyJ. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1831 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Weissman, A. HardyElectron. Lett. 28, 1514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yi-Yan, A.

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

Yoo, S. J. B.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, S. J. B. Yooin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 288.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Regener, W. SohlerAppl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. FejerAppl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, H. Okayama, K. Shinozaki, K. Watanabe, M. KawaharaAppl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1170 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Z. Weissman, A. HardyElectron. Lett. 28, 1514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Nir, S. Ruschin, A. Hardy, D. BrooksElectron. Lett. 31, 186 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. S. Kim, S. Sinha, R. V. RamaswamyIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1049 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Z. Weissman, A. HardyJ. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1831 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Weissman, I. HendelJ. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Shahar, W. J. Tomlinson, A. Yi-Yan, M. Seto, R. J. DeriPhys. Lett. 56, 1098 (1990).

Other (2)

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, S. J. B. Yooin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 288.

S. Sanders, D. W. Nam, R. J. Lang, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejerin Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 287.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics