Abstract

Ozone tagging velocimetry is developed for unseeded velocity measurement of air flows. An ozone line is photochemically created by an ArF excimer laser. After a fixed time delay the ozone line is imaged with a KrF excimer laser sheet (248 nm) that photodissociates the ozone and produces vibrationally excited O2. The O2 is excited by the same 248-nm light through the Schumann–Runge band, BΣu-3(v=0,2)XΣg-3(v=6,7). An intensified CCD camera records the O2 fluorescence from the initial and the final line positions to permit the velocity profile along the line to be determined.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. E. Drain, The Laser Doppler Technique (Wiley, New York, 1980).
  2. R. J. Adrian, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 23, 261 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Miles, W. Lempert, Appl. Phys. B 51, 1 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Miles, C. Cohen, J. Connors, P. Howard, S. Huang, E. Markovitz, G. Russell, Opt. Lett. 12, 861 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1996 (1)

M. W. Smith, G. B. Northam, J. P. Drummond, AIAA J. 34, 434 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

K. G. Klavuhn, G. Gauba, J. C. McDaniel, J. Propul. Power 10, 787 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, T. G. Slanger, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. J. Adrian, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 23, 261 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

1989 (3)

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Boedeker, Opt. Lett. 14, 473 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Adrian, R. J.

R. J. Adrian, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 23, 261 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boedeker, L. R.

Brown, M. S.

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

Brown, T. M.

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

Cohen, C.

Connors, J.

Connors, J. J.

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

DeBarber, P. A.

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

Drain, L. E.

L. E. Drain, The Laser Doppler Technique (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Drummond, J. P.

M. W. Smith, G. B. Northam, J. P. Drummond, AIAA J. 34, 434 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, D. G.

Freisinger, B.

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gauba, G.

K. G. Klavuhn, G. Gauba, J. C. McDaniel, J. Propul. Power 10, 787 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Houston, P. L.

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Howard, P.

Howard, P. J.

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.

Klavuhn, K. G.

K. G. Klavuhn, G. Gauba, J. C. McDaniel, J. Propul. Power 10, 787 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kogelschatz, U.

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Laufer, G.

Lempert, W.

R. Miles, W. Lempert, Appl. Phys. B 51, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mack, J. A.

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Markovitz, E.

Markovitz, E. C.

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

McDaniel, J. C.

K. G. Klavuhn, G. Gauba, J. C. McDaniel, J. Propul. Power 10, 787 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McKenzie, R. L.

Miles, R.

Miles, R. B.

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. L.

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Northam, G. B.

M. W. Smith, G. B. Northam, J. P. Drummond, AIAA J. 34, 434 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

H. Park, T. G. Slanger, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pitz, R. W.

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

Roth, G. J.

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Russell, G.

Schäfer, J. H.

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Segall, J.

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

Slanger, T. G.

H. Park, T. G. Slanger, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. W.

M. W. Smith, G. B. Northam, J. P. Drummond, AIAA J. 34, 434 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suits, A. G.

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Toumi, R.

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Uhlenbusch, J.

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Viöl, W.

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wodtke, A. M.

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yetter, R. A.

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

AIAA J. (1)

M. W. Smith, G. B. Northam, J. P. Drummond, AIAA J. 34, 434 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. (1)

R. J. Adrian, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 23, 261 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

B. Freisinger, U. Kogelschatz, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, W. Viöl, Appl. Phys. B 49, 121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Miles, W. Lempert, Appl. Phys. B 51, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Fluids (1)

R. B. Miles, J. J. Connors, E. C. Markovitz, P. J. Howard, G. J. Roth, Exp. Fluids 8, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Park, T. G. Slanger, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Propul. Power (1)

K. G. Klavuhn, G. Gauba, J. C. McDaniel, J. Propul. Power 10, 787 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (1)

R. L. Miller, A. G. Suits, P. L. Houston, R. Toumi, J. A. Mack, A. M. Wodtke, Science 263, 1831 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. A. DeBarber, M. S. Brown, J. Segall, R. W. Pitz, T. M. Brown, R. A. Yetter, in Digest of AIAA 34th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper 96-0300.

L. E. Drain, The Laser Doppler Technique (Wiley, New York, 1980).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

OTV concept.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

OTV in an air jet: (a) schematic, (b) camera image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Chemical kinetic simulation of O3 formation in pure atmospheric air (300 K, 1 atm) and with additives (water and NO).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Excitation spectrum from room air showing production of vibrationally hot O2, X Σ g - 3 ( v = 6 , 7 ) from 248- nm photodissociation of O3.

Equations (4)

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O 2 ( X g - 3 , v = 0 ) + h ν λ = 193 nm O + O ,
O + O 2 + M O 3 + M ,
O 3 + h ν λ = 248 nm O ( P 3 ) + O 2 ( X g - 3 , v ) ,
O 3 + h ν λ = 248 nm O ( D 1 ) + O 2 ( a 1 Δ g ) .

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