Abstract

Infrared recording of phase gratings is investigated in Sn2P2S6 crystals by radiation of a Nd3+:YAG laser (λ = 1.06 μm). Space-charge formation and hologram recording are dominated by diffusion charge transport. Without an applied electric field, but with preexposure of the sample to incoherent white light, the gain factor exceeds 6 cm−1 at laser intensities above 50 W/cm2.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. B. Klein, Opt. Lett. 9, 350 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Guenter, J.-P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 237.
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. A. Wechsler, M. B. Klein, C. C. Nelson, R. N. Schwartz, Opt. Lett. 19, 536 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).
  7. A. P. Buturlakin, M. I. Gurzan, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1165 (1977).
  8. A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).
  9. A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).
  10. C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Dittmar, H. Schaefer, Z. Naturforsch. 29B, 312 (1974).
  12. C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1097 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).
  14. K.-H. Hellwege, ed., Landolt–Börnstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, New Series, Gruppe III (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982), Vol. 16/B, p. 290, Fig. 1623; p. 693; Ref. 77B19.
  15. A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).
  16. V. P. Treban, A. D. Semak, A. A. Grabar, Materials for Optoelectronics (Technika, Kiev, 1992), p. 103(in Russian).
  17. The data reported in Digest of Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 80, are measured with sample 1 (l = 2 mm), which exhibited much smaller gain of around Γm = 2 cm−1.
  18. G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, J. R. Rotge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Zivkova, M. Miteva, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 3099 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (2)

B. A. Wechsler, M. B. Klein, C. C. Nelson, R. N. Schwartz, Opt. Lett. 19, 536 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

1993 (1)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

1990 (1)

S. Zivkova, M. Miteva, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 3099 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, J. R. Rotge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

1981 (1)

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

1977 (1)

A. P. Buturlakin, M. I. Gurzan, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1165 (1977).

1974 (3)

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. Dittmar, H. Schaefer, Z. Naturforsch. 29B, 312 (1974).

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1097 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Afanas’eva, N. I.

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

Belyaev, A. D.

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

Bridenbaugh, P. M.

R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Brost, G. A.

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, J. R. Rotge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Buturlakin, A. P.

A. P. Buturlakin, M. I. Gurzan, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1165 (1977).

Bylsma, R. B.

R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Carpentier, C. D.

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1097 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Danko, M. M.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

Dittmar, G.

G. Dittmar, H. Schaefer, Z. Naturforsch. 29B, 312 (1974).

Eason, R. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Garret, M. H.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Guenter, J.-P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 237.
[CrossRef]

Gomonai, A. V.

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

Grabar, A. A.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

V. P. Treban, A. D. Semak, A. A. Grabar, Materials for Optoelectronics (Technika, Kiev, 1992), p. 103(in Russian).

Gurzan, M. I.

A. P. Buturlakin, M. I. Gurzan, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1165 (1977).

Hribek, P.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kityk, A. V.

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

Klein, M. B.

Kostyuk, A. D.

A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).

Kozlov, G. V.

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

Machulin, V. F.

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

Miteva, M.

S. Zivkova, M. Miteva, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 3099 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Motes, R. A.

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, J. R. Rotge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Muzhikash, R. I.

A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).

Nelson, C. C.

Nitsche, R.

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1097 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Olson, D. H.

R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rotge, J. R.

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, J. R. Rotge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schaefer, H.

G. Dittmar, H. Schaefer, Z. Naturforsch. 29B, 312 (1974).

Schwartz, R. N.

Semak, A. D.

V. P. Treban, A. D. Semak, A. A. Grabar, Materials for Optoelectronics (Technika, Kiev, 1992), p. 103(in Russian).

Slivka, V. Yu

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

Slivka, V. Yu.

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

A. P. Buturlakin, M. I. Gurzan, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1165 (1977).

Stoyka, I. M.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

Strait, J.

A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Guenter, J.-P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 237.
[CrossRef]

Treban, V. P.

V. P. Treban, A. D. Semak, A. A. Grabar, Materials for Optoelectronics (Technika, Kiev, 1992), p. 103(in Russian).

Vlokh, R. O.

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

Volkov, A. A.

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

Vysochanski, Yu. M.

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

Wechsler, B. A.

Zivkova, S.

S. Zivkova, M. Miteva, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 3099 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. B. Bylsma, P. M. Bridenbaugh, D. H. Olson, A. M. Glass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. (1)

R. O. Vlokh, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. A. Grabar, A. V. Kityk, V. Yu Slivka, Bull. USSR Acad. Sci. Inorg. Mater. 27, 570 (1991).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Zivkova, M. Miteva, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 3099 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, J. R. Rotge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (2)

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1097 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Carpentier, R. Nitsche, Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garret, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sov. Phys. Solid State (4)

A. A. Volkov, G. V. Kozlov, N. I. Afanas’eva, A. A. Grabar, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 25, 1482 (1983).

A. V. Gomonai, A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, A. D. Belyaev, V. F. Machulin, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 23, 2093 (1981).

A. P. Buturlakin, M. I. Gurzan, V. Yu. Slivka, Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1165 (1977).

A. A. Grabar, R. I. Muzhikash, A. D. Kostyuk, Yu. M. Vysochanski, Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1314 (1991).

Ukrain. Phys. J. (1)

A. A. Grabar, Yu. M. Vysochanski, I. M. Stoyka, M. M. Danko, V. Yu Slivka, Ukrain. Phys. J. 39, 941 (1994).

Z. Naturforsch. (1)

G. Dittmar, H. Schaefer, Z. Naturforsch. 29B, 312 (1974).

Other (4)

A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Guenter, J.-P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 237.
[CrossRef]

V. P. Treban, A. D. Semak, A. A. Grabar, Materials for Optoelectronics (Technika, Kiev, 1992), p. 103(in Russian).

The data reported in Digest of Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 80, are measured with sample 1 (l = 2 mm), which exhibited much smaller gain of around Γm = 2 cm−1.

K.-H. Hellwege, ed., Landolt–Börnstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, New Series, Gruppe III (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982), Vol. 16/B, p. 290, Fig. 1623; p. 693; Ref. 77B19.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temporal development of the intensity of the weak signal beam. The inset shows the initial stage of recording. Total light intensity on the sample, 50 W/cm2; initial intensity ratio, 1:40; grating spacing, 1.1 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity dependence of the peak gain factor. Initial intensity ratio, 1:40; grating spacing, 0.9 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak coupling strength versus grating spacing. Total light intensity on the sample, 50 W/cm2; initial intensity ratio, 1:40.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal behavior of the diffracted wave intensity. Intensity of the erasing wave, 2.5 W/cm2; initial intensity ratio of the two writing beams, 1:13; grating spacing, 1.1 μm. The inset shows the initial stage of the grating erasure process.

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