Abstract

We describe an all-solid-state, tunable, single-frequency, continuous-wave Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 ring laser. When pumped with 360 mW of power from a single laser diode the laser has tuning range from 814 to 892 nm and a free-running frequency stability relative to a reference cavity of 60 kHz rms. Further stabilization promises to be possible by use of standard servo electronics. We demonstrate the use of the laser by performing Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy of the cesium D2 line.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 15.
  5. M. J. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157(1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Demtröder, Laserspektroskopie 3. Aufl (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).
  8. O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. H. Oh, S. Ohshima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 6350 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. R. Preuss, J. L. Cole, Appl. Opt. 19, 702(1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Oh, S. Ohshima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 6350 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Boller, K.-J.

R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 15.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cole, J. L.

Demtröder, W.

W. Demtröder, Laserspektroskopie 3. Aufl (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).

Dymott, M. J.

Ferguson, A. I.

French, P. M. W.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, M. W.

M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ihara, M.

M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knaak, K.-M.

O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 15.

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mellish, R.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Oh, C. H.

C. H. Oh, S. Ohshima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 6350 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ohshima, S.

C. H. Oh, S. Ohshima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 6350 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Preuss, P. R.

Ruan, S.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, J. M.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taguchi, N.

M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tsunekane, M.

M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 15.

Wynands, R.

O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. Schmidt, K.-M. Knaak, R. Wynands, D. Meschede, Appl. Phys. B 59, 167 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Ihara, M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 31, 888 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. H. Oh, S. Ohshima, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 6350 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 113, 458 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 15.

W. Demtröder, Laserspektroskopie 3. Aufl (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the cavity and the pump setup (not to scale). M1–M4, mirrors; L1, L4, spherical lenses; L2, L3, cylindrical lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power of the laser at 850 nm through a 1% output coupler (squares) and through one of four high-reflector mirrors (triangles).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-frequency output at the maximum pump rate with a 1% output coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Frequency jitter of approximately 50 kHz rms. Superimposed amplitude fluctuations appear like frequency noise of approximately 14 kHz rms.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Frequency dependence of amplitude noise. The 0-dB level is arbitrarily set at 280 Hz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectra of the cesium D2 line with a signal of 75-MHz reference cavity. Cr marks crossover lines. The shape and the sign of the lines are determined by the linear parallel polarization of the probe and the saturation beams as well as by uncompensated stray and Earth magnetic fields of 0.8 G.8,9 The widths of the F = 4 → F = 3, 4, 5 lines are 9, 10, and 5 MHz. The F = 3 → F = 2, 3, 4 lines have widths of 7, 8, and 9 MHz. The drift-superimposed, slightly irregular scan of the unstabilized laser and noise in the detection/amplification may account for errors of approximately ± 1 MHz.

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