Abstract

Depolarized pump light is used in measurements of the nonlinear refractive index, n2, in optical fiber by the cross-phase-modulation method. High measurement repeatability within ±1% is obtained by this method. The nonlinear refractive index is determined for dispersion-shifted fiber, standard single-mode fiber, pure silica-core single-mode fiber, and dispersion-compensating fiber as 3.35 × 10−20, 2.96 × 10−20, 2.79 × 10−20, and 4.44 × 10−20 m2/W, respectively, at 1.55 μm. This shows that the nonlinear refractive indices of the optical fibers differ greatly according to glass composition.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).
  2. D. Marcuse, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 356 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Onaka, H. Miyata, K. Otsuka, T. Chikama, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Firenze, 1994), p. 49.
  4. M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.
  5. A. Wada, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 42.
  6. K. S. Kim, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 19, 257 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Namihira, A. Miyata, N. Tanahashi, in Technical Digest of Optoelectronics Conference (Chiba, Japan, 1994), p. 136.
  8. S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Bohm, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 71 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Nishimura, S. Suzuki, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 118.

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Marcuse, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 356 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

K. Bohm, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 71 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

Bergano, N. S.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bohm, K.

K. Bohm, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 71 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Chikama, T.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, K. Otsuka, T. Chikama, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Firenze, 1994), p. 49.

Evangelides, S. G.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, H.

M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.

Kanamori, H.

M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.

Kim, K. S.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 356 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, A.

Y. Namihira, A. Miyata, N. Tanahashi, in Technical Digest of Optoelectronics Conference (Chiba, Japan, 1994), p. 136.

Miyata, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, K. Otsuka, T. Chikama, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Firenze, 1994), p. 49.

Mollenauer, L. F.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Namihira, Y.

Y. Namihira, A. Miyata, N. Tanahashi, in Technical Digest of Optoelectronics Conference (Chiba, Japan, 1994), p. 136.

Nishimura, M.

M. Nishimura, S. Suzuki, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 118.

M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.

Onaka, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, K. Otsuka, T. Chikama, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Firenze, 1994), p. 49.

Onishi, M.

M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.

Otsuka, K.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, K. Otsuka, T. Chikama, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Firenze, 1994), p. 49.

Petermann, K.

K. Bohm, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 71 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shigematsu, M.

M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.

Stolen, R. H.

Suzuki, S.

M. Nishimura, S. Suzuki, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 118.

Tanahashi, N.

Y. Namihira, A. Miyata, N. Tanahashi, in Technical Digest of Optoelectronics Conference (Chiba, Japan, 1994), p. 136.

Tsun, T.-O.

A. Wada, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 42.

Wada, A.

A. Wada, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 42.

Weidel, E.

K. Bohm, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 71 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yamauchi, R.

A. Wada, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 42.

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

D. Marcuse, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 356 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Bohm, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 71 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (6)

Y. Namihira, A. Miyata, N. Tanahashi, in Technical Digest of Optoelectronics Conference (Chiba, Japan, 1994), p. 136.

M. Nishimura, S. Suzuki, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 118.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, K. Otsuka, T. Chikama, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Firenze, 1994), p. 49.

M. Onishi, H. Ishikawa, M. Shigematsu, H. Kanamori, M. Nishimura, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 224.

A. Wada, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 42.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measurement system of the nonlinear refractive index by the XPM method with depolarized pump lights.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maximum and minimum phase shifts for four types of pump light in polarization-maintaining dispersion-shifted fiber.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Polarization Extinction Ratio for Four Types of Pump Source

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured Results of n2 for Linear Polarization for Four Types of Fiber

Equations (3)

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n 2 = 3 8 n χ x x x x ( 3 ) ,
Φ = 2 π L eff λ n 2 A eff ( P probe + 2 b P pump ) ,
A eff = 2 π [ 0 E ( r ) 2 r d r ] 2 0 E ( r ) 4 r d r ,

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