Abstract

We present an experimental study of the formation of two-dimensional optical lattices of titanium dioxide particles. The titanium dioxide particles, with an average size of 0.24 μm and a high refractive index of 2.6–2.9 in the visible region, were trapped in the antinodes of a standing-wave field. The shortest lattice constant reached so far is 0.8 μm. A corresponding diffraction pattern of the lattice was observed. This is an effort to create a photonic crystal with a lattice constant extended to visible and near-infrared wavelength scales.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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1995 (1)

1994 (1)

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

1991 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

M. M. Burns, J. M. Fournier, J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 750 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bingying, Cheng

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

Burns, M. M.

M. M. Burns, J. M. Fournier, J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 750 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Bingying

Daozhong, Zhang

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

DelaRue, R. M.

T. Krauss, Y. P. Song, S. Thomas, C. Wilkinson, R. M. DelaRue in Proceedings of the 7th LEOS, ’94 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 391.
[CrossRef]

Fournier, J. M.

M. M. Burns, J. M. Fournier, J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 750 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gmitter, T. J.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golovchenko, J. A.

M. M. Burns, J. M. Fournier, J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 750 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Guozhen, Yang

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

Hodgman, C. D.

C. D. Hodgman, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 42nd ed. (CRC, Cleveland, Ohio, 1961), p. 676.

Hu, Wei

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Junhui, Yang

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

Krauss, T.

T. Krauss, Y. P. Song, S. Thomas, C. Wilkinson, R. M. DelaRue in Proceedings of the 7th LEOS, ’94 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 391.
[CrossRef]

Leung, K. M.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Zhaolin

Mei, Dongbin

Song, Y. P.

T. Krauss, Y. P. Song, S. Thomas, C. Wilkinson, R. M. DelaRue in Proceedings of the 7th LEOS, ’94 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 391.
[CrossRef]

Thomas, S.

T. Krauss, Y. P. Song, S. Thomas, C. Wilkinson, R. M. DelaRue in Proceedings of the 7th LEOS, ’94 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 391.
[CrossRef]

Wei, Hu

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

Wilkinson, C.

T. Krauss, Y. P. Song, S. Thomas, C. Wilkinson, R. M. DelaRue in Proceedings of the 7th LEOS, ’94 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 391.
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Daozhong

Zhaolin, Li

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

Cheng Bingying, Hu Wei, Yang Junhui, Li Zhaolin, Zhang Daozhong, Yang Guozhen, Acta Phys. Sin. (overseas ed.) 3, 861 (1994).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. M. Burns, J. M. Fournier, J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 750 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. D. Hodgman, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 42nd ed. (CRC, Cleveland, Ohio, 1961), p. 676.

T. Krauss, Y. P. Song, S. Thomas, C. Wilkinson, R. M. DelaRue in Proceedings of the 7th LEOS, ’94 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 391.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Image of the optical lattice of polystyrene spheres of 1.07-μm diameter. The corresponding incident angle is 6°. A small circle is an image of an individual sphere

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Image and (b) diffraction pattern for ordered TiO2 particles with an average size of 0.24 μm and a lattice constant of 1.5 μm, corresponding to an incident angle of 10°. In (b) the middle three bright spots come from the transmitted beams, i.e., zeroth-order diffraction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Image and (b) diffraction pattern for ordered TiO2 particles with a lattice constant of 0.8 μm. The incident angle is 19°.

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