Abstract

Photoreversible birefringence is demonstrated in Vycor glass, doped with nanocrystalline ZnS and Cu, by linearly polarized 266-nm pulsed excitation. The birefringence is readily reversed by exposure to orthogonally polarized UV radiation. Photoinduced birefringence is stable at room temperature and can be removed by annealing at temperatures above 250 °C.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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1995

B. L. Justus, T. Johnson, A. L. Huston, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. Sect. B 95, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

B. L. Justus, R. J. Tonucci, A. D. Berry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Bardal, A. Kamal, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 17, 411 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. P. Bernardin, N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 79, 194 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Hand, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 15, 102 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

1987

J. H. Stathis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1448 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

1984

1981

D. L. Morse, Inorg. Chem. 20, 777 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979

N. F. Borrelli, J. B. Chodak, G. B. Hares, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5978 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, G. R.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bardal, S.

Bernardin, J. P.

J. P. Bernardin, N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 79, 194 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Berry, A. D.

B. L. Justus, R. J. Tonucci, A. D. Berry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

N. F. Borrelli, J. B. Chodak, G. B. Hares, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5978 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bures, J.

Chodak, J. B.

N. F. Borrelli, J. B. Chodak, G. B. Hares, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5978 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dragostinova, V.

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, D.

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

Hand, D. P.

Hares, G. B.

N. F. Borrelli, J. B. Chodak, G. B. Hares, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5978 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huston, A. L.

B. L. Justus, T. Johnson, A. L. Huston, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. Sect. B 95, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T.

B. L. Justus, T. Johnson, A. L. Huston, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. Sect. B 95, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Justus, B. L.

B. L. Justus, T. Johnson, A. L. Huston, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. Sect. B 95, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Justus, R. J. Tonucci, A. D. Berry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, A.

Lacroix, S.

Lapierre, J.

Lawandy, N. M.

J. P. Bernardin, N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 79, 194 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

Morey, W. W.

Morse, D. L.

D. L. Morse, Inorg. Chem. 20, 777 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nikolova, L.

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Parent, M.

Poirier, M.

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sceats, M. G.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stathis, J. H.

J. H. Stathis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1448 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoyanova, K.

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Tonucci, R. J.

B. L. Justus, R. J. Tonucci, A. D. Berry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. L. Justus, R. J. Tonucci, A. D. Berry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem.

D. L. Morse, Inorg. Chem. 20, 777 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

N. F. Borrelli, J. B. Chodak, G. B. Hares, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5978 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. Sect. B

B. L. Justus, T. Johnson, A. L. Huston, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. Sect. B 95, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. P. Bernardin, N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 79, 194 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. H. Stathis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1448 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the photoinduced birefringence apparatus. UV, 266-nm excitation source; λ/2, 266-nm half-wave plate; P, turning prism; M, 266-nm reflective mirror; HeNe, 2–mW probe laser; P1, Glan polarizer to pass p-polarized light; S, sample; P2, analyzing polarizer to block p-polarized light; F, 632-nm bandpass filter; PMT, photomultiplier tube; L1, lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal response of the photoinduced birefringence signal. A, UV blocked; B, 8–s UV exposure to write polarization; C, UV blocked; D, 2-s UV exposure with erase polarization (rotated 90° relative to write); E, UV blocked.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoinduced birefringence signal illustrating reversible write and erase characteristics with continuously rotating UV excitation polarization. The polarization senses for write–erase cycles are indicated; s- and p-polarized UV correspond to erase cycles, and 45° orientations correspond to write cycles. Probe light at 632.8 nm is p polarized.

Equations (2)

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I = I 0 sin 2 ( Δ Φ ) ,
Δ Φ = π d Δ n / λ ,

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