Abstract

We report advances in the generation of ultrafast optical waveforms with programmable time-dependent amplitude and temporal phase profiles. Two liquid-crystal spatial light modulators are employed in a novel arrangement to permit the generation of programmable ultrashort waveforms with exceptional versatility and fidelity. We also demonstrate ultrafast waveform generation in which the time-dependent polarization profile is controlled.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, K. A. Nelson, “Automated multi-dimensional coherent optical spectroscopy with multiple phase-related femtosecond pulses,” submitted toJ. Chem. Phys.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (7)

1992 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

Asaki, M. T.

Bado, P.

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahleh, M.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garvey, D.

Goswami, D.

Heritage, J. P.

Hillegas, C. W.

Huang, C. P.

Kane, D. J.

Kane, S.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kawashima, H.

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, K. A. Nelson, “Automated multi-dimensional coherent optical spectroscopy with multiple phase-related femtosecond pulses,” submitted toJ. Chem. Phys.

Kirschner, E. M.

Korn, G.

Krause, J. L.

J. L. Krause, R. M. Whitnell, K. R. Wilson, Y. Yan, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

Mukamel, S.

J. L. Krause, R. M. Whitnell, K. R. Wilson, Y. Yan, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nelson, K. A.

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 2032 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, K. A. Nelson, “Automated multi-dimensional coherent optical spectroscopy with multiple phase-related femtosecond pulses,” submitted toJ. Chem. Phys.

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Analysis of programmable ultrashort waveform generation using liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Patel, J. S.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rabitz, H.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudd, J. V.

Squier, J.

Strickland, D.

Thurston, R. N.

Trebino, R.

Tull, J. X.

Warren, W. S.

Wefers, M. M.

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 2032 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Analysis of programmable ultrashort waveform generation using liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, K. A. Nelson, “Automated multi-dimensional coherent optical spectroscopy with multiple phase-related femtosecond pulses,” submitted toJ. Chem. Phys.

Weiner, A. M.

Whitnell, R. M.

J. L. Krause, R. M. Whitnell, K. R. Wilson, Y. Yan, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, K. R.

J. L. Krause, R. M. Whitnell, K. R. Wilson, Y. Yan, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wullert, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

J. L. Krause, R. M. Whitnell, K. R. Wilson, Y. Yan, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. L. Krause, R. M. Whitnell, K. R. Wilson, Y. Yan, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, K. A. Nelson, “Automated multi-dimensional coherent optical spectroscopy with multiple phase-related femtosecond pulses,” submitted toJ. Chem. Phys.

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Analysis of programmable ultrashort waveform generation using liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of the new pulse-shaping apparatus. The mask consists of two LC SLM’s separated by 2.2 mm, with LC’s aligned at ±45 deg from the mask (x) axis. The SLM pair is sandwiched by two polarizers (Pol’s) aligned along the x axis. The input pulse has a duration of 75 fs at 800 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity profiles of shaped waveforms produced by the new pulse-shaping apparatus and measured by noncollinear cross correlation with an unshaped reference pulse. (a) Equal-amplitude phase-related five-pulse sequence with decreasing temporal separations. (b) Phase-related three-pulse sequence with varying degrees of linear frequency chirp. (c) Phase-related multiple-pulse sequence. The intensity profile of the specified waveform is given by the dashed curve, and the experimentally generated waveform is given by the solid curve.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity profiles of the orthogonal (x and y) polarizations of a shaped waveform produced by the pulse-shaping apparatus and measured by cross correlation. The specified waveform consists of an x-polarized pulse with a cubic spectral phase sweep that is phase locked to a y-polarized pulse with a linear spectral phase sweep. The second polarizer in Fig. 1 is replaced by a half-wave plate, which rotates the polarization by 45 deg.

Equations (2)

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B n = { exp [ i Δ ϕ ( 1 ) ] ( x ^ + y ^ ) + exp [ i Δ ϕ ( 2 ) ] ( x ^ - y ^ ) } / 2 ,
B n = cos { [ Δ ϕ ( 1 ) - Δ ϕ ( 2 ) ] / 2 } × exp { i [ Δ ϕ ( 1 ) + Δ ϕ ( 2 ) ] / 2 } × { x ^ cos [ Δ ϕ ( 3 ) / 2 ] + y ^ × sin [ Δ ϕ ( 3 ) / 2 ] exp [ i Δ ϕ ( 4 ) ] } ,

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