Abstract

Microjoule pulse energies are achieved from a single-stage upconversion fiber amplifier for the first time, to our knowledge, in this demonstration of chirped-pulse amplification with a multimode Tm:ZBLAN fiber. A Ti:sapphire laser system provides the seed pulse for the fiber upconversion amplifier that produces picosecond pulse trains with energies as great as 16 μJ at a repetition rate of 4.4 kHz.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Stock, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 106, 249 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Galvanauskas, P. Blixet, J. S. Tellefsen, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1043 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. L. Dennis, J. W. Dixon, I. Aggarwal, Electron. Lett. 30, 136 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.
  7. R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Sources (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).
  8. J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).
  10. H. Ni, S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. B. Norris, Opt. Lett. 17, 1009 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapie, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.
  14. R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Yeh, Handbook of Fiber Optics: Theory and Applications (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).
  17. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).
  18. L. Wetenkamp, T. Westendorf, G. West, A. Kober, in Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Halide Glasses (Shizuoka, Japan, 1988), pp. 471–476.
  19. J. A. Squier, Ph.D. dissertation (University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1992).

1994 (6)

M. Stock, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 106, 249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, P. Blixet, J. S. Tellefsen, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1043 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Dennis, J. W. Dixon, I. Aggarwal, Electron. Lett. 30, 136 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1991 (2)

H. Ni, S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I.

M. L. Dennis, J. W. Dixon, I. Aggarwal, Electron. Lett. 30, 136 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Athey, B.

J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.

Beaudoin, Y.

Bliton, C.

J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.

Blixet, P.

Brakenhoff, G. J.

J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.

Carter, J. N.

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Carter, S. F.

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C. Y.

Coe, J. S.

Davey, S. T.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Dennis, M. L.

M. L. Dennis, J. W. Dixon, I. Aggarwal, Electron. Lett. 30, 136 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, J. W.

M. L. Dennis, J. W. Dixon, I. Aggarwal, Electron. Lett. 30, 136 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, P. Blixet, J. S. Tellefsen, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1043 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, D. C.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Harter, D.

A. Galvanauskas, P. Blixet, J. S. Tellefsen, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1043 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kober, A.

L. Wetenkamp, T. Westendorf, G. West, A. Kober, in Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Halide Glasses (Shizuoka, Japan, 1988), pp. 471–476.

Kreysar, D.

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

Lauder, R. D. T.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).

Morse, T.

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

Mourou, G.

M. Stock, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 106, 249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapie, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ni, H.

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

H. Ni, S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, T.

J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.

Norris, T. B.

Oomen, E. W. J. L.

E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Rand, S. C.

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

H. Ni, S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shu, Q.

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

Smart, R. G.

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.

Squier, J. A.

J. A. Squier, Ph.D. dissertation (University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1992).

Stock, M.

M. Stock, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 106, 249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Szebesta, D.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Tapie, J. L.

Tellefsen, J. S.

Trooper, A. C.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, P. P.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

West, G.

L. Wetenkamp, T. Westendorf, G. West, A. Kober, in Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Halide Glasses (Shizuoka, Japan, 1988), pp. 471–476.

Westendorf, T.

L. Wetenkamp, T. Westendorf, G. West, A. Kober, in Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Halide Glasses (Shizuoka, Japan, 1988), pp. 471–476.

Wetenkamp, L.

L. Wetenkamp, T. Westendorf, G. West, A. Kober, in Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Halide Glasses (Shizuoka, Japan, 1988), pp. 471–476.

White, I. H.

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

Xie, P.

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

Yeh, C.

C. Yeh, Handbook of Fiber Optics: Theory and Applications (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. L. Dennis, J. W. Dixon, I. Aggarwal, Electron. Lett. 30, 136 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 30, 1298 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. N. Carter, R. G. Smart, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Stock, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 106, 249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

S. C. Rand, H. Ni, Q. Shu, D. Kreysar, P. Xie, T. Morse, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2041, 65 (1994).

Other (7)

J. Squier, T. Norris, C. Bliton, G. J. Brakenhoff, B. Athey, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WA3.

R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Sources (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).

R. D. T. Lauder, A. C. Trooper, D. C. Hanna, P. P. Vasil’ev, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 303.

C. Yeh, Handbook of Fiber Optics: Theory and Applications (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).

L. Wetenkamp, T. Westendorf, G. West, A. Kober, in Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Halide Glasses (Shizuoka, Japan, 1988), pp. 471–476.

J. A. Squier, Ph.D. dissertation (University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1992).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Partial energy-level diagram of a Tm:ZBLAN fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for chirped-pulse amplification with a multimode Tm:ZBLAN fiber amplifier. HR’s, high reflectors; DI, dichroic mirror; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output pulse energy of amplified pulses at different repetition rates.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain measurements at a pump power of 2.4 W and a repetition rate of 4.1 kHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Cross-correlation trace of recompressed pulses. The lowest-order mode pulse duration is 550 fs FWHM of the cross-correlation trace. (b) Spectrum of the recompressed pulses. The spectral width measures 7 nm (FWHM).

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