Abstract

We have fabricated a double-phase-conjugate mirror (DPCM) in a single crystal of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride. Because of the high gain in the near-infrared region, a DPCM is possible at a telecommunication wavelength of 1.54 μm in this material. Experimental and theoretical thresholds for the DPCM are compared, and an experimental diffraction efficiency of 7.4% is reported. Conical diffraction has been eliminated by the method of cylindrical lenses. We propose to use this astigmatic configuration to enhance the capacity of interconnections between fibers with a single crystal in a vector–matrix architecture.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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Y. Belaud, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 105, 204 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. M. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Aoudia, E. Repzka, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11,1655 (1994).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, Opt. Commun. 107, 115 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

1991 (1)

V. Vieux, P. Gravey, N. Wolffer, G. Picoli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2880 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

P. L. Chua, D. T. H. Liu, L. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 858 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (4)

R. B. Bylsma, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, M. Cronin-Golomb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1968 (1989).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, V. Vieux, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. P. Petrov, S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Lett. 14, 284 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
[Crossref]

Aoudia, A.

Belaud, Y.

Y. Belaud, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 105, 204 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bylsma, R. B.

R. B. Bylsma, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, M. Cronin-Golomb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1968 (1989).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. J.

P. L. Chua, D. T. H. Liu, L. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 858 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chua, P. L.

P. L. Chua, D. T. H. Liu, L. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 858 (1990).
[Crossref]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

R. B. Bylsma, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, M. Cronin-Golomb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1968 (1989).
[Crossref]

Delaye, P.

Y. Belaud, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 105, 204 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fischer, B.

Garmire, E. M.

J. E. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. B. Klein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1499 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Glass, A. M.

R. B. Bylsma, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, M. Cronin-Golomb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1968 (1989).
[Crossref]

Gravey, P.

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, Opt. Commun. 107, 115 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. M. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Aoudia, E. Repzka, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11,1655 (1994).
[Crossref]

V. Vieux, P. Gravey, N. Wolffer, G. Picoli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2880 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, V. Vieux, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798 (1989).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

Klein, M.

M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, P. M. Ranon, M. Klein, S. Trivedi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1461 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. B.

Laulan, C.

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

Launay, J. C.

Y. Belaud, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 105, 204 (1994).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

Liu, D. T. H.

P. L. Chua, D. T. H. Liu, L. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 858 (1990).
[Crossref]

Marfaing, Y.

Martel, G.

Millerd, J.

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Millerd, J. E.

Moine, O.

Moisan, J. M.

Moisan, J. Y.

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

Olson, D. H.

R. B. Bylsma, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, M. Cronin-Golomb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1968 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ozkul, C.

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, V. Vieux, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798 (1989).
[Crossref]

Partovi, A.

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Petrov, M. P.

Picoli, G.

V. Vieux, P. Gravey, N. Wolffer, G. Picoli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2880 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, V. Vieux, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ranon, P. M.

Repzka, E.

Roosen, G.

Y. Belaud, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 105, 204 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sochava, S. L.

Steier, W. H.

M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, P. M. Ranon, M. Klein, S. Trivedi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1461 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, S. I.

Sternklar, S.

Triboulet, R.

Trivedi, S.

M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, P. M. Ranon, M. Klein, S. Trivedi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1461 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Vieux, V.

V. Vieux, P. Gravey, N. Wolffer, G. Picoli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2880 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, V. Vieux, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798 (1989).
[Crossref]

Weiss, S.

Wolffer, N.

J. M. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Aoudia, E. Repzka, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11,1655 (1994).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, Opt. Commun. 107, 115 (1994).
[Crossref]

V. Vieux, P. Gravey, N. Wolffer, G. Picoli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2880 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ziari, M.

M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, P. M. Ranon, M. Klein, S. Trivedi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1461 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. B. Bylsma, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, M. Cronin-Golomb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1968 (1989).
[Crossref]

P. L. Chua, D. T. H. Liu, L. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 858 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. Vieux, P. Gravey, N. Wolffer, G. Picoli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2880 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. Partovi, J. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, S. Trivedi, M. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 846 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, V. Vieux, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (4)

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, Opt. Commun. 107, 115 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
[Crossref]

N. Wolffer, P. Gravey, J. Y. Moisan, C. Laulan, J. C. Launay, Opt. Commun. 73, 351 (1989).
[Crossref]

Y. Belaud, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 105, 204 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used in all the experiments reported here. Cylindrical lenses allow for the elimination of conical diffraction and were removed to yield the experimental data of Figs. 24 from pump depletion of collimated beams. HV, high voltage.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental DPCM conversion efficiency versus applied field frequency for two different 8-mm-long CdTe:V crystals. The grating period is Λ = 5.5 μm. The intensity of each pump is 10 mW/cm2, and E0 = 10 kV/cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental DPCM conversion efficiency as a function of applied field for DAV31L A crystal for different input intensities with Λ = 5.5 μm. The field frequency value (70 Hz) is optimized for pump intensity of 20 mW/cm2. Ip, pump intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spatial bandwidth characterization of DPCM for different applied fields E0. The field frequency is 70 Hz, and the pump intensity is 20 mW/cm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental far-field pattern image (with an f = 300-mm lens) on a Vidicon camera analyzed with a PC-monitored beam analyzer. The upper figure represents the cross section of the conjugated beam without cylindrical lenses. Conical diffraction is clearly seen; the lower figure shows its successful elimination with two cylindrical lenses (see text). Note the different scales for the two parts of the figure.

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