Abstract

We propose a novel new method of temporal-waveform-controlled high-speed passive spatial routing of optical beams. The method provides for the redirection of optical signals contained within a single input beam into output directions that are specified entirely by temporal information encoded on the waveform of each incident signal. The routing is effected by means of deflection from spectrally structured spatial gratings that may be optically programmed into materials with or without intrinsic frequency selectivity.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  28. R. M. Macfarlane, IBM Almaden Research Center, 650 Harry Road, San Jose, Calif. 95120 (personal communication).

1994 (3)

1993 (4)

X. A. Shen, R. Kachru, Appl. Opt. 32, 5810 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. A. Shen, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 18, 1967 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. K. Rebane, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 236, 13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Ratsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 17, 535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (5)

1990 (2)

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (3)

1984 (2)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 228 (1984).

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

Andrejco, M. J.

Babbitt, W. R.

Bai, Y. S.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bell, J. A.

Carlson, N. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 623 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chase, E. W.

Chiang, E.

Croci, M.

A. J. Meixner, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991);K. Holliday, C. Wei, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 53, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

da Silva, V. L.

DeCaro, C.

Gauthier, D. J.

Heritage, J. P.

Huang, J.

Jefferson, M. C.

M. Zhu, W. R. Babbitt, M. C. Jefferson, “Continuous optical correlator,” submitted toOpt. Lett.
[PubMed]

Kaarli, R.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Ratsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kachru, R.

Karaki, K.

Kim, M. K.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, IBM Almaden Research Center, 650 Harry Road, San Jose, Calif. 95120 (personal communication).

Mazurenko, Yu. T.

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 228 (1984).

Meixner, A. J.

A. J. Meixner, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991);K. Holliday, C. Wei, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 53, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, M.

Mossberg, T. W.

Paek, E. G.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ratsep, M.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Ratsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

Rebane, K. K.

K. K. Rebane, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 236, 13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Renn, A.

Saari, P.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Ratsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Saifi, M. A.

Salehi, J A.

J A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, H.

Shen, X. A.

Silberberg, Y.

Uesugi, N.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wild, U. P.

A. J. Meixner, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991);K. Holliday, C. Wei, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 53, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. DeCaro, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Appl. Opt. 30, 2890 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yano, R.

Zhang, J. M.

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu, W. R. Babbitt, M. C. Jefferson, “Continuous optical correlator,” submitted toOpt. Lett.
[PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

A. J. Meixner, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991);K. Holliday, C. Wei, M. Croci, U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 53, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Ratsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

K. K. Rebane, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 236, 13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (11)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Mitsunaga, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 228 (1984).

Other (3)

M. Zhu, W. R. Babbitt, M. C. Jefferson, “Continuous optical correlator,” submitted toOpt. Lett.
[PubMed]

R. M. Macfarlane, IBM Almaden Research Center, 650 Harry Road, San Jose, Calif. 95120 (personal communication).

W. E. Moerner, ed., Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Router method. (a) A frequency-selective router material is exposed to a series of n pairs of programming pulses. The programming pulses have the spatial orientations and temporal characteristics shown in the first and second rows, respectively. (b) An input data stream is incident upon the programmed router material, and temporally addressed bits (first trace) are routed into the three output directions shown. Light intensity scattered into the three output directions is shown schematically in the bottom three traces.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation of router performance with the data stream shown in Fig. 1(b) and the specific address codes shown in the top three traces. The bottom four traces duplicate the corresponding traces in Fig. 1(b). Even with the unoptimized address codes chosen, cross talk between the output channels is quite small.

Equations (3)

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E ( r , t ) = E ( ν ) exp [ 2 π i ν ( t r k ^ / c ) ] d ν ,
| E tot ( r , ν ) | 2 = | E 1 a ( ν ) | 2 + | E 2 d ( ν ) | 2 + { E 2 d ( ν ) E 1 a * ( ν ) × exp [ 2 π i ν r ( k ^ 2 k ^ 1 ) / c ] + c . c . } .
E def ( r , t ) E 3 ( ν ) E 2 ( ν ) E 1 * ( ν ) × exp [ 2 π i ν ( t r k ^ 2 / c ) ] ,

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