Abstract

We demonstrate stable single-frequency and polarization operation of a traveling-wave, Er3+-doped fiber loop laser by incorporating an unpumped Er3+-doped fiber section butted against a narrow-band feedback reflector. The saturable absorber acts as a narrow bandpass filter that automatically tracks the lasing wavelength, thus ensuring single-frequency operation. Output powers up to 6.2 mW at 1535 nm were obtained for launched pump powers of 175 mW at 1064 nm. At this output, the relative intensity noise was less than −112 dB/Hz at frequencies above 200 kHz and a laser linewidth of less than 0.95 kHz, whereas the lasing frequency was observed to drift slowly (∼170 MHz/h) because of environmental effects.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Hsu, C. M. Miller, J. T. Kringlebotn, E. M. Taylor, J. Townsend, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 19, 886 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWP2.
  4. J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Park, J. W. Dawson, J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, D. Reid, Electron. Lett. 27, 229 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Sabert, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 8, 878 (1993).
  9. Y. C. Yie, G. W. Schinn, J. W. Y. Lit, J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 129.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. P. B. Gallion, G. Debarge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 343 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1994

1993

H. Sabert, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 8, 878 (1993).

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, D. Reid, Electron. Lett. 27, 229 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984

P. B. Gallion, G. Debarge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 343 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.-L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWP2.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, D. Reid, Electron. Lett. 27, 229 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Daisy, R.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, J. Zyskind, Electron. Lett. 30, 648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J. W.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Debarge, G.

P. B. Gallion, G. Debarge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 343 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, B.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, J. Zyskind, Electron. Lett. 30, 648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Frisken, S. J.

Gallion, P. B.

P. B. Gallion, G. Debarge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 343 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, G. T.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, J. Zyskind, Electron. Lett. 30, 648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

Jauncey, I. M.

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

K. Hsu, C. M. Miller, J. T. Kringlebotn, E. M. Taylor, J. Townsend, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 19, 886 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWP2.

Lit, J. W. Y.

Y. C. Yie, G. W. Schinn, J. W. Y. Lit, J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 129.

Miller, C. M.

Morkel, P. R.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

K. Hsu, C. M. Miller, J. T. Kringlebotn, E. M. Taylor, J. Townsend, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 19, 886 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, D. Reid, Electron. Lett. 27, 229 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWP2.

Piccirilli, A.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, J. E.

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWP2.

Reid, D.

G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, D. Reid, Electron. Lett. 27, 229 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rowe, C. J.

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sabert, H.

H. Sabert, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 8, 878 (1993).

Schinn, G. W.

Y. C. Yie, G. W. Schinn, J. W. Y. Lit, J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 129.

Stone, J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. M.

Townsend, J.

Townsend, J. E.

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

H. Sabert, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 8, 878 (1993).

Vahala, J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yie, Y. C.

Y. C. Yie, G. W. Schinn, J. W. Y. Lit, J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 129.

Zhang, J.

Y. C. Yie, G. W. Schinn, J. W. Y. Lit, J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 129.

Zyskind, J.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, J. Zyskind, Electron. Lett. 30, 648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, D. Reid, Electron. Lett. 27, 229 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, J. Zyskind, Electron. Lett. 30, 648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Jauncey, J. E. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, D. N. Payne, C. J. Rowe, Electron. Lett. 24, 24 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. B. Gallion, G. Debarge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 343 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y. C. Yie, G. W. Schinn, J. W. Y. Lit, J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 129.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWP2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fiber ring laser configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Lasing characteristics of single-frequency fiber loop lasers with 0.2, 1.5, 3, 4, 5, and 6 m of Er3+-doped saturable absorbing fiber for curves (a)–(f), respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Self-heterodyne measurement of laser linewidth with a 25-km delay line. The resolution bandwidth of the rf spectrum analyzer is 300 Hz, and the sweep time is 10 s. The measured linewidth is 0.95 kHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RIN spectrum of the laser from 0 to 500 kHz. The resolution bandwidth is 3 kHz. The relaxation oscillation frequency is at 65 kHz.

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