Abstract

We describe a method for measuring modal birefringence in optical fibers. It combines an interferometric technique with wavelength scanning and permits a precise nondestructive measurement of the birefringence along different sections of a long optical fiber. The experimental results for high-birefringence fibers, 10 and 100 m long, are presented. An accuracy of approximately 0.1% is achieved in the spectral range of 600–850 nm.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
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  2. S. C. Rashleigh, Opt. Lett. 8, 336 (1983).
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  4. F. Parvaneh, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Opt. Lett. 17, 1346 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  6. W. J. Bock, W. Urbanczyk, Appl. Opt. 32, 5841 (1993).
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  8. A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Opt. Lett. 18, 2065 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2003, 49 (1993).
  10. L. B. Jeunhomme, Single-Mode Fiber Optics (Dekker, New York, 1983), p. 275.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

1992 (2)

F. Parvaneh, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Opt. Lett. 17, 1346 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Chojetzki, J. Vobian, W. Dultz, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

V. N. Filippov, O. I. Kotov, V. M. Nikolayev, Electron. Lett. 26, 658 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

1982 (1)

1977 (1)

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Birch, R. D.

Bock, W. J.

Chojetzki, Ch.

Ch. Chojetzki, J. Vobian, W. Dultz, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dultz, W.

Ch. Chojetzki, J. Vobian, W. Dultz, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Filippov, V. N.

V. N. Filippov, O. I. Kotov, V. M. Nikolayev, Electron. Lett. 26, 658 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V. A.

Jeunhomme, L. B.

L. B. Jeunhomme, Single-Mode Fiber Optics (Dekker, New York, 1983), p. 275.

Khomenko, A.

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Opt. Lett. 18, 2065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2003, 49 (1993).

Kotov, O. I.

V. N. Filippov, O. I. Kotov, V. M. Nikolayev, Electron. Lett. 26, 658 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miridonov, S.

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2003, 49 (1993).

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Opt. Lett. 18, 2065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikolayev, V. M.

V. N. Filippov, O. I. Kotov, V. M. Nikolayev, Electron. Lett. 26, 658 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ourmazd, A.

Parvaneh, F.

Payne, D. N.

Rashleigh, S. C.

Rogers, A. J.

Shlyagin, M.

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Opt. Lett. 18, 2065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2003, 49 (1993).

Simon, A.

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tentori, D.

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2003, 49 (1993).

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Opt. Lett. 18, 2065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulrich, R.

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Urbanczyk, W.

Varnham, M. P.

Vobian, J.

Ch. Chojetzki, J. Vobian, W. Dultz, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. N. Filippov, O. I. Kotov, V. M. Nikolayev, Electron. Lett. 26, 658 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

Ch. Chojetzki, J. Vobian, W. Dultz, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

A. Khomenko, M. Shlyagin, S. Miridonov, D. Tentori, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2003, 49 (1993).

Other (1)

L. B. Jeunhomme, Single-Mode Fiber Optics (Dekker, New York, 1983), p. 275.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup: PC, personal computer; Hi-Bi, high-birefringence. (b) Schematic of the modes’ propagation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modal birefringence of the 100-m fiber measured three times at the same position along the fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Modal birefringence of the 100-m fiber measured at different points along the fiber and the modal birefringence of the 10-m fiber (filled diamonds).

Equations (6)

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I ( λ , x ) = 2 k ( 1 k ) I 0 ( λ ) { 1 + cos [ 2 π Δ n ( λ ) λ x ] } ,
x λ min 2 Δ n ( λ min ) δ λ ,
φ 1 ( λ ) = 2 π Δ n ( λ ) λ x 1 + 2 π N 1 ,
φ 2 ( λ ) = 2 π Δ n ( λ ) λ x 2 + 2 π N 2 ,
Δ N = [ φ 1 ( λ 0 ) φ 2 ( λ 0 ) ] 2 π Δ n ( λ 0 ) λ 0 ( x 1 x 2 ) ,
Δ n ( λ ) = λ ( x 1 x 2 ) [ φ 1 ( λ ) φ 2 ( λ ) 2 π Δ N ] .

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