Abstract

Modulation instability generated by the coherent interaction of two polarization modes in a weakly birefringent optical fiber has been observed in the normal dispersion regime. In contrast to previous observations of cross-phase-modulation instability in the visible, the two generated sidebands have the same polarization, which is orthogonal to that of the pump, and their frequency shift is readily controlled by variation of the birefringence of the fiber. The frequency of the modulation and its qualitative features agree with those theoretically predicted.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 2018 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 238 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. E. Rothenberg, Phys. Rev. A 42, 682 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. H. Stolen, M. A. Bösch, C. Lin, Opt. Lett. 6, 213 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. C. Lefevre, Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Stenersen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Commun. 51, 121 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Christensen, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 101, 205 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. A. B. Kennedy, S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 563 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

N. Christensen, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 101, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg, Phys. Rev. A 42, 682 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 2018 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. B. Kennedy, S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 563 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

K. Stenersen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Commun. 51, 121 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

H. C. Lefevre, Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bösch, M. A.

Cherlow, J.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, N.

N. Christensen, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 101, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, P.

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

N. Christensen, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 101, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hellwarth, R.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

K. Stenersen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Commun. 51, 121 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. A. B. Kennedy, S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 563 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefevre, H. C.

H. C. Lefevre, Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, R.

N. Christensen, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 101, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg, Phys. Rev. A 42, 682 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stenersen, K.

K. Stenersen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Commun. 51, 121 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Tai, K.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomita, A.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trillo, S.

Wabnitz, S.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 238 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 2018 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. B. Kennedy, S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 563 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 23, 1330 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Lefevre, Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

P. Drummond, T. A. B. Kennedy, J. M. Dudley, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 78, 137 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Stenersen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Commun. 51, 121 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. Christensen, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 101, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

J. E. Rothenberg, Phys. Rev. A 42, 682 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 2018 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. B. Kennedy, S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. A 38, 563 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of light emerging from each axis of 3 m of low-birefringence fiber wound on a 3-cm-diameter spool, when the pump was polarized along the slow axis. The peak power at the start of the fiber was 700 W.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum (both axes) and autocorrelation of the two PMI sidebands, produced in 4.3 m of fiber wound on a 1.4-cm-diameter spool, when the pump was polarized along the slow axis. The period of modulation is 53 fs. The peak power at the start of the fiber was 530 W.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of light emerging from 5 m of fiber wound on spools of diameters 15, 3, and 1.4 cm, when the light was polarized along the slow axis. The peak power at the start of the fiber was 390 W.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of light emerging from 5 m of fiber wound on a spool of diameter 8.8 cm, for increasing peak powers (170, 295, and 565 W). The pump was polarized along (a) the slow or (b) the fast axis.

Equations (2)

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Ω peak = { 0 P thresh < P < 2 P thresh [ ( 2 BRP 2 δ β ) / β 2 ] 1 / 2 P > 2 P thresh ,
Ω peak = [ ( 2 BRP + 2 δ β ) / β 2 ] 1 / 2 .

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