Abstract

We propose a theoretical investigation of the length and coupling profile of a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating for maximum dispersion compensation in a repeaterless optical communication system. The system consists of 100 km of standard optical fiber in which a 1550-nm signal, directly modulated at 2.5 Gbits/s, is launched. We discuss the results obtained with 6-, 4.33-, and 1-cm-long linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings having Gaussian and uniform coupling profiles. We numerically show that a 4.33-cm-long chirped fiber Bragg grating having a uniform coupling profile is capable of compensating efficiently for the dispersion of our optical communication system.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2 (1986).
  2. F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 12, 10 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. C. Hill, B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 30, 14 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. L. Mason, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, Electron. Lett. 30, 15 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 3 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Yamada, K. Sakuda, Appl. Opt. 26, 16 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. V. Delden, Photon. Spectra 26(1), 81 (1992).
  11. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

1994 (6)

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Hill, B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 30, 14 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Mason, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, Electron. Lett. 30, 15 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. V. Delden, Photon. Spectra 26(1), 81 (1992).

1989 (1)

J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1986 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2 (1986).

Ahmed, K. A.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Burley, G. S.

J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

Cartledge, J. C.

J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Delden, J. V.

J. V. Delden, Photon. Spectra 26(1), 81 (1992).

Eggleton, B.

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Hill, B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 30, 14 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2 (1986).

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hill, P.

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

Hill, P. C.

P. C. Hill, B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 30, 14 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2 (1986).

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

King, P. A.

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

Kitagawa, T.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lauzon, J.

J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-F.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malo, F.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.

J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mason, P. L.

P. L. Mason, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, Electron. Lett. 30, 15 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2 (1986).

Ouellette, F.

J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 12, 10 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

Penty, R. V.

P. L. Mason, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, Electron. Lett. 30, 15 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakuda, K.

Sceats, M. G.

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

Takiguchi, K.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Theriault, S.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thibault, S.

J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

P. L. Mason, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, Electron. Lett. 30, 15 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. C. Hill, B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 30, 14 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Mason, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, Electron. Lett. 30, 15 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2 (1986).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. C. Cartledge, G. S. Burley, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 3 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 23 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 12, 10 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, F. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, Opt. Lett. 19, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, Opt. Lett. 19, 12 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Spectra (1)

J. V. Delden, Photon. Spectra 26(1), 81 (1992).

Other (1)

F. Ouellette, J. Canning, B. Eggleton, P. Hill, P. A. King, M. G. Sceats, in LEOS ‘94 Conference Proceedings (IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society, New York, 1994), Vol. 2, paper PD1.4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

BER curves of our stimulated optical communication system under the following propagation conditions: no dispersion compensation (curve A), compensation with a uniform 1-cm-long LCFBG (curve B), with a nondispersive fiber (curve C), compensation with a uniform 4.33-cm-long LCFBG (curve D), compensation with a Gaussian-head-profile, 4.33-cm-long LCFBG (curve E).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity spectra for a uniform 1-cm-long LCFBG (dotted curve), a uniform 4.33-cm-long LCFBG (dashed curve), and a Gaussian-head-profile 4.33-cm-long LCFBG (solid curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dispersion delay characteristics for 4.33-cm-long uniform-profile (dashed curve) and Gaussian-head-profile (solid curve) LCFBG’s.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Binary pulse sequence (a) corresponding to that emitted by the laser diode, (b) measured at the fiber link end if no dispersion compensation is used, (c) measured at the fiber link end if a uniform 4.33-long-LCFBG is used for compensation.

Equations (1)

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κ ( z ) = κ 0 { exp [ ln ( 2 ) ( 2 z / L ) 2 ] 0.5 } ,

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