Abstract

Using ultrashort laser pulses, we have observed quadrature squeezing and parametric gain in quasi-phase-matched KTiOPO4 waveguides. Using a local oscillator pulse that is 2.5 times shorter than the squeezed pulse, we observed noise reduction of 12 ± 1% below the shot-noise level. Parametric amplification and deamplification of a coherent seed pulse have also been observed, with no indication of gain-induced diffraction.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. Kumar, O. Aytür, J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990); T. Hirano, M. Matsuoka, Opt. Lett. 15, 1153 (1990); M. Rosenbluh, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991); K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 16, 663 (1991); D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. LaPorta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. D. Townsend, R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. Kumar, in Squeezed and Nonclassical Light, P. Tombesi, E. R. Pike, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1989), pp. 175–183.
  8. C. Kim, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 19, 132 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. W. Sohler, H. Suche, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 255 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. D. Bierlein, in Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky, R. Reinisch, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), p. 49.
  11. M. L. Sundheimer, Ch. Bosshard, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 18, 1397 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, J. Cooper, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Scr. T48, 35 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
    [Crossref]

1994 (3)

C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kim, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 19, 132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

P. D. Townsend, R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

A. LaPorta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

P. Kumar, O. Aytür, J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990); T. Hirano, M. Matsuoka, Opt. Lett. 15, 1153 (1990); M. Rosenbluh, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991); K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 16, 663 (1991); D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (2)

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

W. Sohler, H. Suche, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 255 (1980).
[Crossref]

Aytür, O.

P. Kumar, O. Aytür, J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990); T. Hirano, M. Matsuoka, Opt. Lett. 15, 1153 (1990); M. Rosenbluh, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991); K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 16, 663 (1991); D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beck, M.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, J. Cooper, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Scr. T48, 35 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bierlein, J. D.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. L. Sundheimer, Ch. Bosshard, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 18, 1397 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Bierlein, in Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky, R. Reinisch, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), p. 49.

Bindloss, W.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bosshard, Ch.

Bouchiat, M. A.

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Cooper, J.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, J. Cooper, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Scr. T48, 35 (1993).
[Crossref]

Grangier, P.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guena, J.

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Hrisoho, A.

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

P. Kumar, O. Aytür, J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990); T. Hirano, M. Matsuoka, Opt. Lett. 15, 1153 (1990); M. Rosenbluh, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991); K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 16, 663 (1991); D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacquier, Ph.

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

Kumar, P.

C. Kim, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 19, 132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kumar, O. Aytür, J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990); T. Hirano, M. Matsuoka, Opt. Lett. 15, 1153 (1990); M. Rosenbluh, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991); K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 16, 663 (1991); D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kumar, in Squeezed and Nonclassical Light, P. Tombesi, E. R. Pike, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1989), pp. 175–183.

LaPorta, A.

A. LaPorta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[Crossref]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R.-D.

Lintz, M.

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Loudon, R.

P. D. Townsend, R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Potasek, M. J.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pottier, L.

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Raymer, M. G.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, J. Cooper, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Scr. T48, 35 (1993).
[Crossref]

Roelofs, M. G.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R. E.

A. LaPorta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[Crossref]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smithey, D. T.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, J. Cooper, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Scr. T48, 35 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sohler, W.

W. Sohler, H. Suche, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 255 (1980).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G. I.

Suche, H.

W. Sohler, H. Suche, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 255 (1980).
[Crossref]

Suna, A.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sundheimer, M. L.

Townsend, P. D.

P. D. Townsend, R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Yurke, B.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Sohler, H. Suche, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 255 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Guena, Ph. Jacquier, M. Lintz, L. Pottier, M. A. Bouchiat, A. Hrisoho, Opt. Commun. 71, 6 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. A 35, 3586 (1987); M. J. Werner, “Travelling-wave parametric amplifiers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. LaPorta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[Crossref]

P. D. Townsend, R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kumar, O. Aytür, J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990); T. Hirano, M. Matsuoka, Opt. Lett. 15, 1153 (1990); M. Rosenbluh, R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991); K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 16, 663 (1991); D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr. (1)

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, J. Cooper, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Scr. T48, 35 (1993).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

P. Kumar, in Squeezed and Nonclassical Light, P. Tombesi, E. R. Pike, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1989), pp. 175–183.

J. D. Bierlein, in Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky, R. Reinisch, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), p. 49.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus for waveguide squeezing. ND, neutral-density; PZT, piezoelectric translator; λ/2’s, half-wave plates.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Quadrature noise variance versus LO phase.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplification factors A± of a seed pulse versus pump pulse energy. The dashed curve is obtained by use of Eq. (3).

Equations (3)

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SNL = n 1 + n 2 .
( n 1 n 2 ) 2 2 ( Δ n elec ) 2 ,
A ± = 1 η + η exp ( ± α P ) ,

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