Abstract

Using an erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) passively mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber, we generate 5.5-ps pulses of a 2.3-nJ/pulse, which are more than three times higher in energy than for other reported EDFL’s. We show that, by introduction of a linear loss element within the cavity, multiple pulsing behavior at high pump powers can be suppressed. We also determine the saturable-absorber characteristics—absorbance versus wavelength near band gap—that are necessary to produce short mode-locked pulses.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992); L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Joseph, I.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. Y.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

Duling, I. N.

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Haus, H. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S. M. J.

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992); L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lamming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Langford, N.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miller, B. I.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

Nelson, L. E.

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Soccolich, C. E.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Strait, J.

Sunderman, E. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Wu, S.

Electron. Lett. (4)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Lamming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992); L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, C. E. Soccolich, I. Bar-Joseph, N. Sauer, T. Y. Chang, B. I. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2454 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration for the high-power EDFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Autocorrelation and (b) spectrum of pulses from the high-power EDFL mode locked by a bulk semiconductor saturable absorber. The pulse energy is 2.3 nJ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorbance curves for various MQW and bulk semiconductor saturable absorbers. MQW’s are identified by a sharp absorption edge near the band gap. The two windows of operation define the regions where the high-power EDFL can be mode locked with pulse durations less than 6 ps.

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