Abstract

A new method that uses polarization switching for the suppression of polarization-induced signal fading in interferometric sensors is described. An experimental demonstration with a remote sensor shows full recovery of visibility without degradation of sensitivity.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Tur, Y. S. Boger, H. J. Shaw, in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), p. 67.
  2. N. J. Frigo, A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, Electron. Lett. 20, 319 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. H. Wanser, N. H. Safar, Opt. Lett. 12, 217 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 24, 931 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, A. Dandridge, in Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Associazione Elettrotecnica Elettronica Italiana, Firenze, 1992), p. 69.
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1014 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 9, 378 (1984); Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 142 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. J. Jeong, J. H. Kim, H. W. Lee, B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 19, 1421 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

1988

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 24, 931 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1014 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Wanser, N. H. Safar, Opt. Lett. 12, 217 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

1977

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Boger, Y. S.

M. Tur, Y. S. Boger, H. J. Shaw, in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), p. 67.

Brooks, J. L.

J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1014 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

N. J. Frigo, A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, Electron. Lett. 20, 319 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, A. Dandridge, in Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Associazione Elettrotecnica Elettronica Italiana, Firenze, 1992), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

N. J. Frigo, A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, Electron. Lett. 20, 319 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, H. J.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 24, 931 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, A. Dandridge, in Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Associazione Elettrotecnica Elettronica Italiana, Firenze, 1992), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, J. H.

Lee, H. W.

Marrone, M. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 24, 931 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, A. Dandridge, in Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Associazione Elettrotecnica Elettronica Italiana, Firenze, 1992), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

Moslehi, B.

J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1014 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Safar, N. H.

Shaw, H. J.

J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1014 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 9, 378 (1984); Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 142 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tur, Y. S. Boger, H. J. Shaw, in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), p. 67.

Simon, A.

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

M. Tur, Y. S. Boger, H. J. Shaw, in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), p. 67.

Tveten, A. B.

N. J. Frigo, A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, Electron. Lett. 20, 319 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wanser, K. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Simon, R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 517 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 24, 931 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Frigo, A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, Electron. Lett. 20, 319 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1014 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, A. Dandridge, in Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Associazione Elettrotecnica Elettronica Italiana, Firenze, 1992), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

M. Tur, Y. S. Boger, H. J. Shaw, in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), p. 67.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sensor array composed of a compensating interferometer with a polarization switch and sensing interferometers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic showing the principle of the polarization switching method.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of a TDM-based sensor array with a polarization switch: LD, laser diode; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PMF, polarization-maintaining fiber; SMF, single-mode fiber; PS, polarization switch; PM’s, phase modulators; PC, polarization controller; PG’s, pulse generators; FG, function generator; SP’s, signal processors; Sync, synchronization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photograph of the sensor array output for two successive input pulses. The polarizations of the interfering pulses are orthogonal for the first interference pulse and are parallel for the second one.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured output spectra for (a) the faded signal and (b) the recovered signal with polarization switching.

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