Abstract

We show that powerful femtosecond pulses can be obtained by use of a series of amplifying media with shifted but overlapping narrow gain bandwidth. This concept, based on chirped-pulse amplification in Nd:glass amplifiers, permits the generation of sub-100-TW pulses with durations shorter than 300 fs. Experimental gain narrowing and phase distortion are found to be in good agreement with theory.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. See the review byH. C. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Sauteret, D. Husson, G. Thiell, S. Seznec, S. Gary, A. Migus, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 16, 238 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Yamakawa, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 16, 1593 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.
  8. F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, E. M. Campbell, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1040, 160 (1989).
  9. Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. E. Lemoff, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 18, 1651 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

See the review byH. C. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

1991 (2)

1989 (1)

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, E. M. Campbell, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1040, 160 (1989).

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allais, I.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Barty, C. P. J.

Campbell, E. M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, E. M. Campbell, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1040, 160 (1989).

Chuang, Y. H.

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gary, S.

Glinsky, M. E.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, C. L.

Hammer, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Husson, D.

Kapteyn, H. C.

See the review byH. C. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

Kruer, W. L.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lemoff, B. E.

Mason, R. J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauteret, D. Husson, G. Thiell, S. Seznec, S. Gary, A. Migus, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 16, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

See the review byH. C. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F. G.

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, E. M. Campbell, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1040, 160 (1989).

Perry, M. D.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, E. M. Campbell, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1040, 160 (1989).

Pierre, A.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Rossage, R.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Rouyer, C.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Sauteret, C.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauteret, D. Husson, G. Thiell, S. Seznec, S. Gary, A. Migus, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 16, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Seznec, S.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauteret, D. Husson, G. Thiell, S. Seznec, S. Gary, A. Migus, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 16, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

Shiraga, H.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tabak, M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thiell, G.

Wilks, S. C.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Woodworth, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

Zheng, L.

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

See the review byH. C. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (1)

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

F. G. Patterson, M. D. Perry, E. M. Campbell, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1040, 160 (1989).

Other (1)

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, R. Rossage, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, in Short Wavelength V, M. D. Perry, P. B. Corkum, eds., Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 21.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Fluorescence spectra of Nd:phosphate and silicate glasses. (b) Sum of phosphate and silicate fluorescence spectra superimposed upon the spectrum of the Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier output pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Theoretical output spectrum and autocorrelation traces after amplification in one medium (silicate glass) of small-signal logarithmic gain 15, with the phase term, solid curves (dashed curves), taken (not taken) into account. U.A., arbitrary units.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental (dashed curves) and computed (solid curves) spectra and autocorrelation profiles after amplification in two media. Top right, Computed intensity profile, corresponding to 340-fs FWHM.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Left: Autocorrelation trace of a nonsatured pulse of 7-J energy and 390-fs autocorrelation width from which we deduce a pulse duration of 275 fs. Right: Autocorrelation trace after compression of 10% of 40 J, yielding a pulse duration of 305 fs. This corresponds to a potential power delivery of 80 TW (above 24 J in 305 fs).

Equations (3)

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E ˜ out ( ω ) = E ˜ in ( ω ) exp 1 2 [ α ( ω ) ] exp [ i φ ( ω ) ] ,
α ( ω ) = m σ m N m L m [ 1 + 4 ( ω - ω m Δ ω m ) 2 ] = m α m ( ω ) ,
φ ( ω ) = - m ( ω - ω m ) Δ ω m α m ( ω ) ,

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