Abstract

The lifetime of the 1G4 level and the 1G43H5 emission of Pr3+ are measured under changing temperatures. The temperature dependence of gain characteristics of Pr3+-doped fiber amplifiers is analyzed theoretically for the first time to our knowledge on the basis of the lifetime and emission cross section. Signal output power degradation resulting from an increase in temperature is clarified, and the pump power margin to compensate for this signal output power degradation is obtained.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).
  2. M. Suyama, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 1756 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 16, 10 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, H. Kuroda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

1990 (2)

M. Suyama, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 1756 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, H. Kuroda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 16, 10 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Izumitani, T.

H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, H. Kuroda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

Kuroda, H.

H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, H. Kuroda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

M. Suyama, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 1756 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Layne, C. B.

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 16, 10 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 16, 10 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

Okayasu, M.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

M. Suyama, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 1756 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

Suyama, M.

M. Suyama, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 1756 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Temmyo, J.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

Terunuma, Y.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

Toratani, H.

H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, H. Kuroda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wada, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

Weber, M. J.

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 16, 10 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Suyama, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 1756 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, M. Okayasu, M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1649 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, Y. Terunuma, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, S. Sudo, IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 421 (1994).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, H. Kuroda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 16, 10 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temperature dependence of the lifetime of the 1G4 level. The solid curve is the theoretical lifetime calculated by Eqs. (1) and (2); the dashed curve is a quadratic fitting curve for the measured lifetimes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the 1G43H5 emission of Pr3+ in ZBLAN.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of the calculated small-signal gains and measured signal gains; input signal level is −45 dBm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative pump power that gives the signal output level of 20 dBm. Pump power is normalized by that at 20 °C.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1 / τ = W rad + W mp ,
W mp = W 0 [ 1 - exp ( - h ω / k T ) ] - Δ E / h ω x × exp { - Δ E / h ω [ ln ( Δ E / h ω / g ) - 1 ] } ,

Metrics