Abstract

Phase-induced intensity noise in optical networks that employ directly modulated laser sources is observed to be bit-sequence dependent. This dependence is explained by optical frequency variations that are due to the heating history of the laser chip and is accurately modeled. This effect may permit suppression of phase-induced intensity noise in many types of fiber system with multipaths.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Tur, E. L. Goldstein, C. A. Brackett, Electron. Lett. 24, 126 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 889 (1989).
  3. J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 15, 1351 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.
  5. A. Arie, M. Tur, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1936 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. E. Green, Fiber-Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993), p. 205.
  7. S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 15, 1351 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 889 (1989).

1988 (1)

M. Tur, E. L. Goldstein, C. A. Brackett, Electron. Lett. 24, 126 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.

Arie, A.

Barnsley, P. E.

P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.

Brackett, C. A.

M. Tur, E. L. Goldstein, C. A. Brackett, Electron. Lett. 24, 126 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chapuran, T. E.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, N. K.

J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 889 (1989).

Cooper, J. M.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gimlett, J. L.

J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 889 (1989).

Goldstein, E. L.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Tur, E. L. Goldstein, C. A. Brackett, Electron. Lett. 24, 126 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, M. S.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, Fiber-Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993), p. 205.

Hunter, D. K.

P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.

Ito, M.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kobrinski, H.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Legg, P. J.

P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.

Menocal, S. G.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Tur, M.

A. Arie, M. Tur, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1936 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Tur, E. L. Goldstein, C. A. Brackett, Electron. Lett. 24, 126 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.

Vecchi, M. P.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C.

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Tur, E. L. Goldstein, C. A. Brackett, Electron. Lett. 24, 126 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 582 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. (1)

H. Kobrinski, M. P. Vecchi, M. S. Goodman, E. L. Goldstein, T. E. Chapuran, J. M. Cooper, M. Tur, C. Zah, S. G. Menocal, IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 8, 1190 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 889 (1989).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

P. J. Legg, D. K. Hunter, M. Tur, P. E. Barnsley, I. Andonovic, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WI3.

P. E. Green, Fiber-Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993), p. 205.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical time-division multiplexed switching fabric using directional coupler switches with nonideal isolation, permitting two different paths (solid and dashed lines) between input and receiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) 32-bit test pattern together with an interfering copy delayed by 16 bits. Bits marked by × are prone to PIIN. Experimental results for (b) 2 GHz, (c) 615 MHz. Noise disappears from the bits denoted by arrows.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results (622 Mbits/s) obtained with a receiver bandwidth of 2 GHz and a cross talk level of 0 dB: (a) 32-bit-long 101010. . . pattern and its 16-bit delayed version, (b) PIIN on the interfering bits. Also shown are noise (voltage) histograms at the middle of (c) the third, (d) the fifth, and (e) the last interfering bits.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Junction temperature as a function of bit position within the sequence. (b) The bit sequence: asterisks denote bits that should exhibit PIIN, even for a relatively narrow-band receiver [cf. the noisy bits of Fig. 2(c)]. (c) The temperature difference, ΔTSignal −ΔTDelayed Signal, between the interfering bits.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F ( t ) C = d ( Δ T ) d t + Δ T τ T ,

Metrics