Abstract

For the first time to our knowledge, we demonstrate the use of self-enhanced diffraction to optically restore weak dynamic volume holograms. This restoration process is achieved through the use of a novel beam-toggling scheme that significantly enhances the steady-state diffraction efficiency of volume index gratings stored in photorefractive media. Experiments demonstrating and confirming theory are presented and discussed.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. See, for example,P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).
  2. D. Psaltis, D. Brady, K. Wagner, Appl. Opt. 27, 1752 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971); T. K. Gaylord, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittle, C. R. Quick, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 896 (1973); M. Segev, A. Kewitsch, A. Yariv, G. A. Rakuljic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 907 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Jeganathan, M. C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, Opt. Lett. 19, 1415 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Yeh, C. Gu, C. J. Cheng, K. Y. Hsu, “Optical restoration of photorefractive holograms,” submitted toJ. Appl. Phys.
  8. F. Vachss, M. D. Ewbank, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 5.

1994 (1)

1991 (2)

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1971 (1)

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971); T. K. Gaylord, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittle, C. R. Quick, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 896 (1973); M. Segev, A. Kewitsch, A. Yariv, G. A. Rakuljic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J.

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971); T. K. Gaylord, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittle, C. R. Quick, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 896 (1973); M. Segev, A. Kewitsch, A. Yariv, G. A. Rakuljic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

Brady, D.

Cheng, C. J.

P. Yeh, C. Gu, C. J. Cheng, K. Y. Hsu, “Optical restoration of photorefractive holograms,” submitted toJ. Appl. Phys.

Ewbank, M. D.

F. Vachss, M. D. Ewbank, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 5.

Fainman, Y.

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ford, J. E.

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, C.

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Yeh, C. Gu, C. J. Cheng, K. Y. Hsu, “Optical restoration of photorefractive holograms,” submitted toJ. Appl. Phys.

Hesselink, L.

Hong, J.

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, K. Y.

P. Yeh, C. Gu, C. J. Cheng, K. Y. Hsu, “Optical restoration of photorefractive holograms,” submitted toJ. Appl. Phys.

Jeganathan, M.

Lee, S. H.

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, J.

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Psaltis, D.

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, K. Wagner, Appl. Opt. 27, 1752 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Y.

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, H.

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staebler, D. L.

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971); T. K. Gaylord, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittle, C. R. Quick, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 896 (1973); M. Segev, A. Kewitsch, A. Yariv, G. A. Rakuljic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taketomi, Y.

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vachss, F.

F. Vachss, M. D. Ewbank, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 5.

Wagner, K.

Yeh, P.

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Yeh, C. Gu, C. J. Cheng, K. Y. Hsu, “Optical restoration of photorefractive holograms,” submitted toJ. Appl. Phys.

See, for example,P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971); T. K. Gaylord, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittle, C. R. Quick, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 896 (1973); M. Segev, A. Kewitsch, A. Yariv, G. A. Rakuljic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, C. Gu, J. Hong, P. Yeh, R. R. Neurgaonkar, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4648 (1991); Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 17, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Y. Taketomi, J. E. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 16, 1774, 1874 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jeganathan, M. C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, Opt. Lett. 19, 1415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

See, for example,P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).

P. Yeh, C. Gu, C. J. Cheng, K. Y. Hsu, “Optical restoration of photorefractive holograms,” submitted toJ. Appl. Phys.

F. Vachss, M. D. Ewbank, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental arrangement. Beams A and B write an initial hologram, and beams A and B* enhance the hologram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency during the monitoring of spatial grating amplitudes from z = 0 to z = L at various points in the SED process. The left column shows photographs of the diffracted read beam, and the right column shows line scans (integrated along y) of the diffraction efficiency: (a) the initial grating, (b) the grating after enhancement by beam A for 10τ, (c) the grating from (b) after enhancement from beam B* for an additional 10τ, (d) the steady-state grating after 100 toggles of beams A and B*, each at t = τ/2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Toggled SED for t = τ/2, 3τ, 10τ. (b) Compilation of data for t = τ/10 to t = 15τ as well as predictions from simple theory.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Achieved saturation diffraction efficiency as a function of IA/IB*. (a) (b)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Holographic restoration through toggled SED of a (demagnified) U.S. Air Force resolution target: (a) initial hologram, (b) enhanced hologram. Diffraction efficiency gain from (a) to (b) exceeds 60,000%. Effective resolution is ~200 line pairs/mm.

Metrics