Abstract

We present what is to our knowledge the first experimental demonstration of temporal-waveform-controlled spatial routing of optical beams. In our simple implementation of the routing process, a single optical beam consisting of a train of temporally structured optical pulses generates a number of directionally distinct output beams—a separate output beam for each distinct temporal waveform present in the input beam. This redirection is effected through diffraction from spatial–spectral gratings preprogrammed into a frequency-selective material.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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1995 (3)

1994 (3)

1993 (5)

1992 (2)

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 17, 535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

1990 (2)

1989 (2)

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 14, 423 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); W. E. Moerner, W. Lenth, G. C. Bjorklund, in Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, W. E. Moerner, ed., Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 7.
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Babbitt, W. R.

Bai, Y.

Bai, Y. S.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986); W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 65, 185 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bell, J. A.

Benn, A.

Bernet, S.

Carlson, N. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, E.

Esterowitz, L.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, J. B.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hills, M. E.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jusinski, L. E.

Kaarli, R.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kachru, R.

Karaki, K.

Kim, M. K.

Kintz, G. J.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, B.

Kröll, S.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 18, 1958 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mazurenko, Yu. T.

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, M.

Moerner, W. E.

W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); W. E. Moerner, W. Lenth, G. C. Bjorklund, in Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, W. E. Moerner, ed., Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 7.
[CrossRef]

Morrison, C. A.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Paek, E. G.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Quarles, G. J.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rätsep, M.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Saari, P.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, H.

Shen, X. A.

Turner, G. A.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Uesugi, N.

Wang, T.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wild, U. P.

Wilson, G. A.

Yano, R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Yu. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, J. Lumin. 48/49, 459 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Electron. (1)

W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); W. E. Moerner, W. Lenth, G. C. Bjorklund, in Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, W. E. Moerner, ed., Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 7.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (17)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-event recordings of the spatial routing process. (a)–(c) Recorded during the programming stage, (d)–(g) recorded during the routing stage. (d) The input data stream. (e), (f) Recording of signals routed to two channels according to the preprogrammed codes. (g) Shows small cross talk between two channels when the interval of two programming pairs is smaller than the phase relaxation time of the routing material.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-event recording of the spatial routing process when two channels are routed simultaneously.

Equations (2)

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E tot ( r , ν ) 2 = E a ( ν ) 2 + E d ( ν ) 2 + { E d ( ν ) E a * ( ν ) exp [ - 2 π i ν r · ( k 2 - k 1 ) / c ] + c . c . } ,
E sig ( r , t ) = i - + E a ( i ) * ( ν ) E d ( i ) ( ν ) E data ( ν ) × exp [ 2 π i ν ( t - r · k 2 ( i ) / c ) ] d ν ,

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