Abstract

We report on a novel scheme based on spectral holography for high-speed processing of optical header information. In this scheme, we rapidly analyze each incoming header by performing simultaneous correlation operations with a large number of headers stored in advance through angular multiplexing. Decoding is accomplished by identification of the directions that yield the maximum correlation signal. In a proof-of-concept experiment, two 5-byte ASCII addresses were decoded successfully without any ambiguity. The potential of this technique for high-speed packet switching is discussed.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. A. Tobagi, IEEE 78, 133 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
    [Crossref]
  3. K. P. Jackson, H. J. Shaw, in Optical Signal Processing, J. L. Horner, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), and references therein.
  4. N. J. Bers, J. L. Lee, M. W. Casseday, B. J. Udelson, Appl. Opt. 18, 2767 (1979), and references therein.
    [Crossref]
  5. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. Kröll, L. E. Jusinski, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 16, 517 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Mitsunaga, M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 13, 536 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, E. M. Pearson, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,381,362 (January11, 1995); X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,369,665 (November29, 1994).
  12. M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1890 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. A. Shen, E. Chiang, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 19, 1246 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1884 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

X. A. Shen, E. Chiang, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 19, 1246 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (3)

1990 (1)

F. A. Tobagi, IEEE 78, 133 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

1979 (1)

Ayanoglu, E.

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

Babbitt, W. R.

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, Y. S.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, E. M. Pearson, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,381,362 (January11, 1995); X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,369,665 (November29, 1994).

Bers, N. J.

Carlson, N. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Casseday, M. W.

Chiang, E.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Gitlin, R. D.

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Jackson, K. P.

K. P. Jackson, H. J. Shaw, in Optical Signal Processing, J. L. Horner, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), and references therein.

Jusinski, L. E.

Kachru, R.

X. A. Shen, E. Chiang, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 19, 1246 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kröll, L. E. Jusinski, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 16, 517 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 13, 536 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, E. M. Pearson, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,381,362 (January11, 1995); X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,369,665 (November29, 1994).

Karol, M.

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

Kim, M. K.

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kröll, S.

La Porta, T. F.

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

Lee, J. L.

Mitsunaga, M.

Mossberg, T. W.

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Pearson, E. M.

X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, E. M. Pearson, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,381,362 (January11, 1995); X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaw, H. J.

K. P. Jackson, H. J. Shaw, in Optical Signal Processing, J. L. Horner, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), and references therein.

Shen, X. A.

X. A. Shen, E. Chiang, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 19, 1246 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, E. M. Pearson, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,381,362 (January11, 1995); X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tobagi, F. A.

F. A. Tobagi, IEEE 78, 133 (1990).
[Crossref]

Udelson, B. J.

Uesugi, N.

Veeraraghavan, M.

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Yano, R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE (1)

F. A. Tobagi, IEEE 78, 133 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

T. F. La Porta, M. Veeraraghavan, E. Ayanoglu, M. Karol, R. D. Gitlin, IEEE Commun. Mag. (October1994), p. 84, and references therein.
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (3)

X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, E. M. Pearson, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,381,362 (January11, 1995); X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, R. Kachru, U.S. patent5,369,665 (November29, 1994).

K. P. Jackson, H. J. Shaw, in Optical Signal Processing, J. L. Horner, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), and references therein.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed scheme for optical header decoding. (a) The storage material is first programmed by exposure to n successive pulse pairs, each of which contains a reference header Hi and a write pulse Wi ; each Wi is chosen to propagate along a different direction â i. (b) During the decoding, the sample is reexposed to unknown headers, and the echoes emitting in different directions are detected and compared.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental results showing the successful decoding of two zip codes. The second and third traces from the top display the input pulse sequence; the first and fourth traces are the two input zip codes on an expanded time scale. The recorded correlation signals along â1 and â 2 after the arrival of zip code 94025 and zip code 22203 are shown in boxes 1 and 2, respectively.

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