Abstract

The third-order optical nonlinearity of a salt form of polyaniline has been measured at 527, 800, and 1054 nm. The dominant nonlinear response has been found to be bleaching of the material absorption, leading to high negative values of the imaginary part of the nonlinearity.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1896 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 41–43, 3209 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. S. Wong, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 49–50, 13 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araújo, J. M. de Souza, W. M. de Azevedo, J. V. de Melo, F. B. Diniz, Opt. Lett. 20, 554 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Cao, P. Smith, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55– 57, 3514 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Pang, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 5282 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. I. Stegeman, in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 1.

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cao, P. Smith, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55– 57, 3514 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

K. S. Wong, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 49–50, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1896 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 41–43, 3209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Pang, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 5282 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cao, T.

C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Y.

Y. Cao, P. Smith, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55– 57, 3514 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.-C.

W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

de Azevedo, W. M.

de Melo, J. V.

de Souza, J. M.

Diniz, F. B.

Gomes, A. S. L.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Halvorson, C.

C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. G.

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1896 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 41–43, 3209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heeger, A. J.

Y. Cao, P. Smith, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55– 57, 3514 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jenekhe, S. A.

W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

MacDiarmid, A. G.

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meth, J. S.

W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moses, D.

C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Osaheni, J. A.

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Y.

Y. Pang, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 5282 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, D. V.

Prasad, P. N.

Y. Pang, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 5282 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, M.

Y. Pang, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 5282 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sheikh-Bahae, M.

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P.

Y. Cao, P. Smith, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55– 57, 3514 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 1.

Sun, Y.

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

K. S. Wong, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 49–50, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 41–43, 3209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1896 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

K. S. Wong, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 49–50, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 41–43, 3209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1896 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheikh-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1896 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

Y. Pang, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 5282 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

J. A. Osaheni, S. A. Jenekhe, H. Vanherzeele, J. S. Meth, Y. Sun, A. G. MacDiarmid, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 2830 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Polym. Sci. Part B (1)

W.-C. Chen, S. A. Jenekhe, J. S. Meth, H. Vanherzeele, J. Polym. Sci. Part B 32, 195 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Synth. Metals (4)

Y. Cao, P. Smith, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55– 57, 3514 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Halvorson, T. Cao, D. Moses, A. J. Heeger, Synth. Metals 55–57, 3941 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, S. G. Han, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 41–43, 3209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Wong, Z. V. Vardeny, Synth. Metals 49–50, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. I. Stegeman, in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical density of an approximately 0.37% solution of DBSA–PANI in N-methylpyrrolidone measured in a 1-mm glass cell. The arrows indicate wavelengths used for the nonlinear optical measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

DFWM scan for a free-standing film of PMMA doped with PANI (circles) at 800 nm and a theoretical fit (solid curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Induced transmission in a sample of PMMA/PANI (~2%) at the pump intensities given at the right (in GW/cm2; the probe intensity was a constant ~25% of the pump intensity).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Closed-aperture Z-scan measurements performed with 100-fs pulses at 800 nm on a series of DBSA–PANI solutions in N-methylpyrrolidone: curve 1, pure solvent; curve 2, 0.086%; curve 3, 0.34%; curve 4, 0.53%. The inset shows concentration dependencies of the real and the imaginary parts of the nonlinearity of the solution relative to the nonlinearity of the pure solvent (the imaginary part is plotted with reversed sign).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Real and Imaginary Parts of the Third-Order Nonlinearity of DBSA–PANI in N-Methylpyrrolidone Solutions Obtained from Z-Scan Measurements

Equations (1)

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I cr = λ ( n 2 / α ) - 1 .

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