Abstract

We investigate the potential of high-resolution and large space–bandwidth product holographic lensless imaging by using bacteriorhodopsin film as a real-time material under He–Ne laser illumination. The imaging reflectivity is found to be linearly proportional to the reading light intensity when the hologram is under short laser pulse stimulation. The time response of the recording process is characterized by two exponentially increasing functions that are related to the intensity modulation of the illumination. An image resolution of 80 lines/mm and a space–bandwidth product of ~2 × 106 are obtained.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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1994 (3)

1992 (1)

1990 (2)

1987 (1)

E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 450 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Birge, R. R.

Q. W. Song, C. Zhang, R. B. Gross, R. R. Birge, Opt. Commun. 112, 296 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Birge, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 41, 683 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brauchle, C.

Downie, J. D.

Fischer, B.

Gross, R. B.

Q. W. Song, C. Zhang, R. B. Gross, R. R. Birge, Opt. Commun. 112, 296 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hampp, N.

Korchemskaya, E. Ya.

E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 450 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Leith, E. N.

Lewis, A.

Nebenzahl, I.

Oesterhelt, D.

Song, Q. W.

Q. W. Song, C. Zhang, R. B. Gross, R. R. Birge, Opt. Commun. 112, 296 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 450 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Taranenko, V. B.

E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 450 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Thoma, R.

Upatnieks, J.

Werner, O.

Zeisel, D.

Zhang, C.

Q. W. Song, C. Zhang, R. B. Gross, R. R. Birge, Opt. Commun. 112, 296 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

R. R. Birge, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 41, 683 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

Q. W. Song, C. Zhang, R. B. Gross, R. R. Birge, Opt. Commun. 112, 296 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 450 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: SP’s, low-pass filters and beam expanders; SH’s, shutters; BS’s, beam splitters; M’s, mirrors; C, resolution chart.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Initial peak and steady-state diffraction efficiencies and phase-conjugate reflectivities with respect to the reading-light intensity. Shown in the inset is the time response of the readout process. The writing intensities are Io = 9.4 mW/cm2 and Ir = 11.2 mW/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution of the diffraction efficiency during the recording process. The square symbols show the fitted results obtained from the theoretical equation (see text).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Fitted time-response rates relative to different recording intensities. The square symbols are for 1/τh and the circular symbols are for 1/τl. (b) The same response rates with respect to the calculated upper and lower light intensities.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Magnified central part of the reconstructed image observed from a CCD imager.

Equations (1)

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η = A h [ 1 - exp ( - t / τ h ) ] - A l [ 1 - exp ( - t / τ l ) ] ,

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