Abstract

We report strong competition of intensities between spontaneously emerging beams (subharmonics) and other diffracted beams in two-wave mixing experiments with two frequency-detuned pump beams in photorefractive bismuth silicon oxide. The measurements show that the onset of subharmonics strongly affects the strength of the fundamental component of the primary grating, which caused the subharmonics in the first place. Suppression of subharmonics by vibration of the crystal increased the diffraction efficiency of the fundamental grating component by more than an order of magnitude.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. J. Webb, L. Solymar, Opt. Commun. 74, 386 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. I. Sturman, A. Bledowski, J. Otten, K. H. Ringhofer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 672 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Grunnet-Jepsen, S. J. Elston, I. Richter, J. Takacs, L. Solymar, Opt. Lett. 18, 2147 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, New York, 1981).
  7. P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
    [Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

D. J. Webb, L. Solymar, Opt. Commun. 74, 386 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Andersen, P. E.

P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bledowski, A.

Buchhave, P.

P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
[Crossref]

Cooke, D. J.

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, New York, 1981).

Ducollet, H.

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

Elston, S. J.

Grunnet-Jepsen, A.

Herriau, J. P.

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

Huignard, J. P.

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

Imbert, B.

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Mallick, S.

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Odulov, S. G.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Otten, J.

Petersen, P. M.

P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
[Crossref]

Richter, I.

Ringhofer, K. H.

Solymar, L.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, S. J. Elston, I. Richter, J. Takacs, L. Solymar, Opt. Lett. 18, 2147 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Webb, L. Solymar, Opt. Commun. 74, 386 (1989).
[Crossref]

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, New York, 1981).

Soskin, M. S.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Sturman, B. I.

Takacs, J.

Vasnetsov, M.

P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Webb, D. J.

D. J. Webb, L. Solymar, Opt. Commun. 74, 386 (1989).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Buchhave, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Petersen, M. Vasnetsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 792 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Mallick, B. Imbert, H. Ducollet, J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5660 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. J. Webb, L. Solymar, Opt. Commun. 74, 386 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, New York, 1981).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Inset: rotating diffraction grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffracted beams from the BSO crystal. Beams are numbered relative to incident beam I0. Beam I1, the first-order diffracted beam from beam I0, is coincident with the other incident beam.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Near-field structure of spontaneous beam I 1 / 2 Ar and I 3 / 2 Ar .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the first off-Bragg diffracted Ar beam ( I - 1 Ar ) and two spontaneous (subharmonic) beams, ( I 1 / 2 Ar and I 1 / 4 Ar ) on frequency detuning.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power in the diffracted He–Ne probe beam as a function of detuning frequency. Open circles, without vibration of the crystal; filled circles, crystal vibrating at 65 Hz. Both curves are first-order diffracted beams from the primary grating ( I 1 He - Ne ). A red filter placed in front of the detector reduces the noise level to 0.09 μW.

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