Abstract

We present a method for calculating the dynamic input–output characteristics of a nonlinear fiber ring resonator caused by a change in input intensity. It is based on an original method developed by Bischofberger and Shen [Phys. Rev. A 19, 1169 (1979)] to study a transient nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator. We treat a double-coupler fiber ring resonator, in which two types of optical bistability (transmission bistability and reflection bistability) are available and present the illustrative numerical results for a few cavity parameters. This analysis will be useful for a future experimental verification of optical bistability in fiber ring resonators and for the design of fiber bistable devices.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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