Abstract

An investigation of optical switching in phase-shifted metal–semiconductor–metal Bragg gratings is presented. A silicon-on-insulator waveguide with aluminum interdigitated surface gratings and an amorphous silicon overcoat provided high-contrast, tunable switching characteristics. This structure is one of many potential realizations of a novel class of metal–semiconductor switching devices currently under investigation. We discuss switching dynamics, tuning mechanisms, and potential applications.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. G. Winful, G. I. Stegeman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 517, 214 (1984).
  2. S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 19, 1789 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Lytel, G. F. Lipscomb, Appl. Opt. 25, 3889 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. E. Bieber, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, “Nonlinear optical interactions in metal– semiconductor–metal waveguide structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  7. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. G. Winful, C. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Chen, D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. L. Mills, S. E. Trullinger, Phys. Rev. B 36, 947 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Assanto, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2285 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. He, M. Cada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1182 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. M. Lambkin, K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 824 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. Sipe, H. G. Winful, Opt. Lett. 13, 132 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 304 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

J. He, M. Cada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1182 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Lambkin, K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 824 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Assanto, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2285 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

W. Chen, D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. Mills, S. E. Trullinger, Phys. Rev. B 36, 947 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

H. G. Winful, G. I. Stegeman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 517, 214 (1984).

1982 (1)

H. G. Winful, C. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 19, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assanto, G.

G. Assanto, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2285 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bieber, A. E.

A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Bieber, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, “Nonlinear optical interactions in metal– semiconductor–metal waveguide structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Brown, T. G.

A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 304 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Bieber, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, “Nonlinear optical interactions in metal– semiconductor–metal waveguide structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Cada, M.

J. He, M. Cada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1182 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooperman, C. D.

H. G. Winful, C. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

George, N.

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 19, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, J.

J. He, M. Cada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1182 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lambkin, P. M.

P. M. Lambkin, K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 824 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lipscomb, G. F.

Lytel, R.

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mills, D. L.

W. Chen, D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. Mills, S. E. Trullinger, Phys. Rev. B 36, 947 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Prelewitz, D. F.

A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 304 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Bieber, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, “Nonlinear optical interactions in metal– semiconductor–metal waveguide structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Radic, S.

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 19, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sankey, N. D.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

P. M. Lambkin, K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 824 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sipe, H. G. Winful, Opt. Lett. 13, 132 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. Assanto, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2285 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, G. I. Stegeman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 517, 214 (1984).

Tiberio, R. C.

A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Bieber, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, “Nonlinear optical interactions in metal– semiconductor–metal waveguide structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Trullinger, S. E.

D. L. Mills, S. E. Trullinger, Phys. Rev. B 36, 947 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

J. E. Sipe, H. G. Winful, Opt. Lett. 13, 132 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Winful, G. I. Stegeman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 517, 214 (1984).

H. G. Winful, C. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. E. Bieber, T. G. Brown, D. F. Prelewitz, R. C. Tiberio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, C. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

G. Assanto, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2285 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. He, M. Cada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1182 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Lambkin, K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 824 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993); N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 304 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, N. George, G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke, J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. L. Mills, S. E. Trullinger, Phys. Rev. B 36, 947 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. Chen, D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

H. G. Winful, G. I. Stegeman, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 517, 214 (1984).

Other (1)

A. E. Bieber, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, R. C. Tiberio, “Nonlinear optical interactions in metal– semiconductor–metal waveguide structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental reflectivity versus detuning for a phase-shifted Bragg reflector. Temperature range for thermal detuning is ~5 to 27 °C. Inset: theoretical reflectivity versus detuning for a phase-shifted Bragg reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Switching dynamics of the phase-shifted Bragg reflector: (A) reference pulse, (B) δ = 156 cm−1, (C) δ = 163 cm−1, (D) δ = 171 cm−1, (E) δ = 188 cm−1.

Metrics