Abstract

Using doubly resonant sum-frequency mixing between 1064 and 532 nm in an external resonator, we obtained 186 mW of continuous-wave ultraviolet output at λ = 355 nm with more than 20% conversion efficiency from the total incident power onto the mixing cavity. The resonator mirrors are shared by both the 1064- and the 532-nm beams, yielding an optimum mode overlap between the two resonating modes. To maintain the simultaneous resonance, we locked the external resonator to the single-frequency green laser and locked the 1064-nm laser to the resonator. This technique can be applied to cw sum- or difference-frequency mixing of any two wavelengths.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 17, 640 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 19, 189 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1050 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. P. Risk, W. J. Kozlovsky, Opt. Lett. 17, 707 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.
  9. W. Weichmann, L. Y. Liu, S. Kubota, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD4.
  10. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (3)

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1050 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 19, 189 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

1988 (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Eguchi, N.

M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaka, K.

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Imajo, H.

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. P. Risk, W. J. Kozlovsky, Opt. Lett. 17, 707 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, S.

L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 19, 189 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Weichmann, L. Y. Liu, S. Kubota, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD4.

M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.

Liu, L. Y.

L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 19, 189 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Weichmann, L. Y. Liu, S. Kubota, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD4.

M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Myers, J. F.

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1050 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ohmukai, R.

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Oka, M.

L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 19, 189 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.

Ou, Z. Y.

Pereira, S. F.

Polzik, E. S.

Risk, W. P.

Scheps, R.

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1050 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Urabe, S.

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weichmann, W.

W. Weichmann, L. Y. Liu, S. Kubota, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD4.

Wiechmann, W.

L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 19, 189 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1050 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Watanabe, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

M. Oka, N. Eguchi, L. Y. Liu, W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThM1.

W. Weichmann, L. Y. Liu, S. Kubota, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD4.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of DRSFM: L1, laser 1 (532 nm); L2, laser 2 (1064 nm); PM1, PM2, phase modulators; DM, dichroic mirror; OSC, oscillators; PD1, PD2, photodiodes; M1–M3, dual high-reflection mirrors; M4; dual input/ output mirror. Solid lines represent the optical path, and dashed lines represent the flow of the servo loops.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of laser 1: BW, Brewster window; HR, highly reflective; AR, antireflective; HT, highly transmissive. The c axis of the Nd:YVO4 crystal and the p polarization of the Brewster window are in the plane of the page. The z axis of the KTP crystal is oriented 45° with respect to the plane of the page, forming a birefringent filter with the Brewster window and the polarization-dependent gain of Nd:YVO4. The birefringent filter acts as the frequency-selection component.

Equations (4)

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P SFG = γ SFG P c 1 P c 2 ,
P c 1 = E 1 P i 1 ,
P c 2 = E 2 P i 2 ,
P SFG = γ SFG E 1 E 2 P i 1 P i 2 ,

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