Abstract

We describe the formation of ZrOxFy optical waveguides by oxygen ion-beam-assisted deposition of ZrF4 films. Waveguide losses less than 1 dB/cm for the TE0 mode at 514 nm resulted from bombardment with 600-eV O2+ ions, and the waveguide index was a function of bombarding current at this energy, with a maximum change of Δn = 0.28. Local bombardment of a waveguide resulted in generation of an integrated planar lens compatible with holographic fabrication. The process is also suitable for the formation of graded-index waveguides.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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