Abstract

An improved vertical coupling structure, consisting of a graded-index planar buried waveguide in glass and a dielectric overlayer, is designed and realized to provide an optimum edge coupling to a modeled GaAs photodetector. Calculations of the attenuation coefficient and coupling efficiency show an optimum absorption behavior. Normal-mode measurements and beam-propagation calculations of the coupling length and power transfer ratio are compared.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 3 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 127.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. L. Yip, P. C. Noutsios, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 543 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, Electron. Lett. 28, 1340 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. Albert, G. L. Yip, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

E. Marom, O. G. Ramer, S. Ruschin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

H. J. Lilienhof, E. Voges, D. Ritter, B. Pantshew, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1877 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1973 (1)

Albert, J.

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, Electron. Lett. 28, 1340 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, G. L. Yip, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 3 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 127.

Andreadakis, N.

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

Chan, W. K.

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H. C.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, F. A.

Feit, M. D.

Fleck, J. A.

Florez, L. T.

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gmitter, T. J.

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Harbison, J. P.

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hocker, G. B.

Jackel, J. L.

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kishioka, K.

Lilienhof, H. J.

H. J. Lilienhof, E. Voges, D. Ritter, B. Pantshew, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1877 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Marom, E.

E. Marom, O. G. Ramer, S. Ruschin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

McCaughan, L.

Miliou, A.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, C. K.

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Noutsios, P. C.

G. L. Yip, P. C. Noutsios, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 543 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, Electron. Lett. 28, 1340 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Yip, P. C. Noutsios, K. Kishioka, Opt. Lett. 15, 789 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 3 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 127.

Pantshew, B.

H. J. Lilienhof, E. Voges, D. Ritter, B. Pantshew, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1877 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, R. V.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ramer, O. G.

E. Marom, O. G. Ramer, S. Ruschin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, D.

H. J. Lilienhof, E. Voges, D. Ritter, B. Pantshew, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1877 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

E. Marom, O. G. Ramer, S. Ruschin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Voges, E.

H. J. Lilienhof, E. Voges, D. Ritter, B. Pantshew, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1877 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

Weibolt, W. N.

Yablonovitch, E.

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yip, G. L.

G. L. Yip, P. C. Noutsios, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 543 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, Electron. Lett. 28, 1340 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Yip, P. C. Noutsios, K. Kishioka, Opt. Lett. 15, 789 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Albert, G. L. Yip, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 3 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 127.

Yi-Yan, A.

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zhenguang, H.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, Electron. Lett. 28, 1340 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Chan, A. Yi-Yan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, N. Andreadakis, C. K. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 27, 410 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Albert, G. L. Yip, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 552 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

E. Marom, O. G. Ramer, S. Ruschin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lilienhof, E. Voges, D. Ritter, B. Pantshew, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1877 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. L. Yip, P. C. Noutsios, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 543 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Yi-Yan, W. K. Chan, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. L. Jackel, E. Yablonovitch, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

P. C. Noutsios, G. L. Yip, J. Albert, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 3 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 127.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Improved vertical coupling structure for optimized edge coupling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Periodic variation of coupled power seen on a glass surface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical absorption coefficient versus dielectric thickness for the four-layer model as indicated in inset.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beam-propagation method simulation of coupled power for D2 = 0.40 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison between measured (dots) and calculated (solid curve) coupling lengths for various D2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Variation of calculated maximum power transfer with D2 including the measured value (dot) at D2 = 0.40 μm.

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