Abstract

We have observed a new type of infrared-induced photodarkening in high-numerical-aperture fluoride fibers doped with 3000 and 10,000 parts in 106 by weight of Tm. The loss induced in the visible region by 1140-nm radiation is very strong (as high as 25 dB in a 50-cm piece) and broadband; it can be removed by irradiation with the same pump wavelength at lower powers.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.
  3. E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. R. Atkins, R. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 951 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 24, 1054 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, D. P. Hand, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 126 (1990).
  8. T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernage, E. X. Xie, H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delevaque, M. Monerie, Opt. Lett. 19, 1269 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. M. Broer, D. M. Krol, D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 799 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Piehler, D. Craven, Electron. Lett. 30, 1759 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, D. P. Hand, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 126 (1990).

1988 (2)

C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 24, 1054 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ali, M.

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.-L.

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Atkins, G. R.

Barber, P. R.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Bennett, K. W.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

Boj, S.

Broer, M. M.

Butterworth, S. D.

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Cannon, R. S.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Craig, S. P.

C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Craven, D.

D. Piehler, D. Craven, Electron. Lett. 30, 1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Feuerhelm, L. F.

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hand, D. P.

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, D. P. Hand, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 126 (1990).

Hanna, D. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Hattori, H.

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Humer, W. F.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Lauder, R. D. T.

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Mallinson, S. R.

C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, M. J.

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Millar, C. A.

C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

Niay, P.

Ohishi, Y.

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Oomen, E. W. J. L.

E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, R.

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Piehler, D.

D. Piehler, D. Craven, Electron. Lett. 30, 1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

Poyntz-Wright, L. J.

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, D. P. Hand, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 126 (1990).

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 24, 1054 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, D. P. Hand, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 126 (1990).

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 24, 1054 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sakaguchi, S.

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, S. M.

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, W. A.

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tanimuri, K.

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T.

Tropper, A. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Xie, E. X.

Electron. Lett. (4)

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Millar, S. R. Mallinson, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 24, 590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 24, 1054 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Piehler, D. Craven, Electron. Lett. 30, 1759 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

E. W. J. L. Oomen, J. Lumin. 50, 317 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

K. Tanimuri, M. Ali, L. F. Feuerhelm, S. M. Sibley, W. A. Sibley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 70, 397 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, L203 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, D. P. Hand, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 126 (1990).

Other (1)

P. R. Barber, C. J. Mackechnie, R. D. T. Lauder, H. M. Pask, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, in Compact Blue-Green Lasers, Vol. 1 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFA3; P. R. Barber, H. M. Pask, C. J. Mackechnie, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, J. Massicott, S. T. Davey, D. Szebesta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CMF3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration for induced loss measurements. HR, highly reflecting mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Loss induced in 3000-ppmwt Tm-doped fluoride fiber by 22 mW (lowest curve) to 77 mW of launched 1.12-μm pump light versus the transmission after irradiation with 11 mW. The noise near 600 nm is an artifact, and the minimum near 800 nm is due to cladding modes that experience a lower loss in this region because of strong absorption of the Tm ions in the core.

Metrics