Abstract

An all-fiber wavelength-division multiplexer (WDM) based on the nonreciprocity of the birefringence to the polarization states is proposed. The transfer function of a Sagnac interferometer is wavelength dependent if the loop birefringence of the interferometer consists of both circular and linear parts. Theoretical analysis shows that the output characteristics of this WDM are similar to those of a fiber taper-based device. Both the bandwidth and the peak wavelength of the new WDM can be tuned by changing the loop birefringence. Experimental prototypes exhibit a channel isolation greater than 25 dB with peak passband insertion loss of less than 1 dB.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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1993 (1)

H. D. Ford, R. P. Tatam, Opt. Commun. 98, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, A. A. M. Saleh, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. Eisenmann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

M. S. Yataki, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 21, 249 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1941 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, New York, 1992).

Bilodeau, F.

Eisenmann, M.

M. Eisenmann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ford, H. D.

H. D. Ford, R. P. Tatam, Opt. Commun. 98, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

Johnson, D. C.

Jones, R. C.

Malo, B.

Ouellette, F.

Payne, D. N.

M. S. Yataki, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 21, 249 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, A. A. M.

J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, A. A. M. Saleh, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Stone, J.

J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, A. A. M. Saleh, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, A. A. M. Saleh, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tatam, R. P.

H. D. Ford, R. P. Tatam, Opt. Commun. 98, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Varnham, M. P.

M. S. Yataki, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 21, 249 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Weidel, E.

M. Eisenmann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wigley, P. G. J.

Wilkinson, I. J.

Yataki, M. S.

M. S. Yataki, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 21, 249 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, A. A. M. Saleh, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Yataki, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 21, 249 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Eisenmann, E. Weidel, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. D. Ford, R. P. Tatam, Opt. Commun. 98, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, New York, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic structure of a fiber Sagnac interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measuring the characteristics of the WDM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectrum from a fiber WDM consisting of an ordinary single-mode fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum from a narrow-band Hi-Bi fiber-based WDM.

Equations (8)

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m cw = [ A - B * B A * ] ,             M ccw = [ A - B B * A * ] ,
E 1 = [ 0 i Im ( B ) ] ,
E 2 = [ A Re ( B ) ] ,
E 1 = [ i Im ( B ) 0 ] ,
E 2 = [ - Re ( B ) A * ] .
I 1 = E 1 2 = I 0 sin 2 ( δ / 2 ) sin 2 ( α / 2 ) I 2 = E 2 2 = I 0 cos 2 ( α / 2 ) + cos 2 ( δ / 2 ) sin 2 ( α / 2 ) .
I 1 = I 0 sin 2 ( δ / 2 ) ,             I 2 = I 0 cos 2 ( δ / 2 ) .
Δ λ = ( 2 π λ ) / δ .

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