Abstract

The simultaneous emission and detection of radiation with a semiconductor laser is investigated. Measured signal-to-noise ratios of up to 56 dB demonstrate that self-detecting devices are adequate for sensor applications with discrete measurands. We observed a strong polarization dependence, which can cause response fluctuations, and suggest methods to minimize these fluctuations. This technique could be used for lower-cost sensors without splitters and detectors.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. P. J. Heemskerk, Appl. Opt. 17, 2007 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. W. J. Burke, M. Ettenburg, H. Kressel, Appl. Opt. 17, 2233 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. B. E. Jones, R. S. Medlock, R. C. Spooncer, in Optical Fiber Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. Dakin, eds. (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1989), Vol. 2, p. 437.
  5. A. Dadridge, R. O. Miles, T. G. Giallorenzi, Electron. Lett. 16, 948 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. B. Spillman, P. L. Fuhr, B. L. Anderson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 986, 106 (1988).
  7. M. Johnson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1011, 90 (1988).
  8. Y. Mitsuhashi, J. Shimada, S. Misutsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1216 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. W. Hakki, T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1299 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  12. W. B. Spillman, R. E. Rudd, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2070, 294 (1993).

1993 (1)

W. B. Spillman, R. E. Rudd, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2070, 294 (1993).

1988 (2)

W. B. Spillman, P. L. Fuhr, B. L. Anderson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 986, 106 (1988).

M. Johnson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1011, 90 (1988).

1983 (1)

H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

Y. Mitsuhashi, J. Shimada, S. Misutsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1216 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (2)

A. Dadridge, R. O. Miles, T. G. Giallorenzi, Electron. Lett. 16, 948 (1980).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
[Crossref]

1978 (2)

1976 (1)

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

B. W. Hakki, T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1299 (1975).
[Crossref]

Anderson, B. L.

W. B. Spillman, P. L. Fuhr, B. L. Anderson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 986, 106 (1988).

Burke, W. J.

Dadridge, A.

A. Dadridge, R. O. Miles, T. G. Giallorenzi, Electron. Lett. 16, 948 (1980).
[Crossref]

Ettenburg, M.

Fuhr, P. L.

W. B. Spillman, P. L. Fuhr, B. L. Anderson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 986, 106 (1988).

Giallorenzi, T. G.

A. Dadridge, R. O. Miles, T. G. Giallorenzi, Electron. Lett. 16, 948 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hakki, B. W.

B. W. Hakki, T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1299 (1975).
[Crossref]

Heemskerk, J. P. J.

Iwamura, H.

H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
[Crossref]

Johnson, M.

M. Johnson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1011, 90 (1988).

Jones, B. E.

B. E. Jones, R. S. Medlock, R. C. Spooncer, in Optical Fiber Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. Dakin, eds. (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1989), Vol. 2, p. 437.

Kobayashi, H.

H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kressel, H.

Medlock, R. S.

B. E. Jones, R. S. Medlock, R. C. Spooncer, in Optical Fiber Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. Dakin, eds. (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1989), Vol. 2, p. 437.

Miles, R. O.

A. Dadridge, R. O. Miles, T. G. Giallorenzi, Electron. Lett. 16, 948 (1980).
[Crossref]

Misutsuka, S.

Y. Mitsuhashi, J. Shimada, S. Misutsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1216 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mitsuhashi, Y.

Y. Mitsuhashi, J. Shimada, S. Misutsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1216 (1981).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

Morikawa, T.

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

Otsuka, K.

H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
[Crossref]

Paoli, T. L.

B. W. Hakki, T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1299 (1975).
[Crossref]

Rudd, R. E.

W. B. Spillman, R. E. Rudd, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2070, 294 (1993).

Saku, T.

H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
[Crossref]

Sakurai, K.

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

Seko, A.

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

Shimada, J.

Y. Mitsuhashi, J. Shimada, S. Misutsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1216 (1981).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

Spillman, W. B.

W. B. Spillman, R. E. Rudd, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2070, 294 (1993).

W. B. Spillman, P. L. Fuhr, B. L. Anderson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 986, 106 (1988).

Spooncer, R. C.

B. E. Jones, R. S. Medlock, R. C. Spooncer, in Optical Fiber Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. Dakin, eds. (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1989), Vol. 2, p. 437.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. Dadridge, R. O. Miles, T. G. Giallorenzi, Electron. Lett. 16, 948 (1980).
[Crossref]

H. Kobayashi, H. Iwamura, T. Saku, K. Otsuka, Electron. Lett. 19, 166 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Mitsuhashi, J. Shimada, S. Misutsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1216 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. W. Hakki, T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1299 (1975).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, J. Shimada, K. Sakurai, Opt. Commun. 34, 309 (1980).
[Crossref]

Y. Mitsuhashi, T. Morikawa, K. Sakurai, A. Seko, J. Shimada, Opt. Commun. 17, 95 (1976).
[Crossref]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (3)

W. B. Spillman, R. E. Rudd, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2070, 294 (1993).

W. B. Spillman, P. L. Fuhr, B. L. Anderson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 986, 106 (1988).

M. Johnson, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1011, 90 (1988).

Other (1)

B. E. Jones, R. S. Medlock, R. C. Spooncer, in Optical Fiber Sensors, B. Culshaw, J. Dakin, eds. (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1989), Vol. 2, p. 437.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for measuring simultaneous laser-diode emission and detection in an optical fiber sensor configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Injection current response for a typical laser-diode detector. The emitted power versus current shows that the detector response is greatest near threshold.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Self-detection response for a 935-nm LED.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Junction voltage for an optical beam modulated at 620 Hz. The laser is operated near threshold (44-mA current) and coupled into single-mode fiber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Self-detection responses for a system with no wave plate, no polarization rotation, and 90° polarization rotation.

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