Abstract

We have observed that the second-harmonic signal generated from oxidized Si(001) varies on a time scale of several seconds in experiments involving a fundamental beam of λ = 770 nm, 110-fs pulses at 76 MHz. We suggest that the temporal behavior arises from absorption of weak (<100-fW average power) third-harmonic light generated in air or in the sample, inducing charge transfer across the Si–SiO2 interface and trapping in the oxide layer. Detrapping has been determined to take several minutes.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath, G. I. Stegeman, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), p. 355.
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    [Crossref]
  3. J. E. Sipe, D. J. Moss, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 35, 1129 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. R. Shen, Nature (London) 337, 519 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. L. Richmond, J. M. Robinson, V. L. Shannon, Prog. Surf. Sci. 28, 1 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. M. Corn, D. A. Higgins, Chem. Rev. 94, 107 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Bottomley, G. Lüpke, H. M. van Driel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 33 (1994).
  9. C. W. van Hasselt, M. A. Verheijen, Th. Rasing, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9263 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. Lüpke, D. J. Bottomley, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 47, 10389 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. H. Bjorkman, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 11, 964 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  13. U. Emmerichs, Phys. Rev. B 50, 5506 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  14. O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).
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  25. L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. H. Ling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 581 (1994).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

1995 (1)

C. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3001 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (6)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, V. N. Golovinka, T. V. Murzina, Opt. Lett. 19, 1450 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

U. Emmerichs, Phys. Rev. B 50, 5506 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. M. Corn, D. A. Higgins, Chem. Rev. 94, 107 (1994).
[Crossref]

D. J. Bottomley, G. Lüpke, H. M. van Driel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 33 (1994).

C. H. Ling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 581 (1994).

1993 (5)

D. J. Bottomley, B. Lüpke, J. Mihaychuk, H. M. van Driel, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6072 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. S. Yeganeh, J. Qi, A. G. Yodh, M. C. Tamargo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2093 (1993).
[Crossref]

G. Lüpke, D. J. Bottomley, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 47, 10389 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. H. Bjorkman, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 11, 964 (1993).
[Crossref]

W. Daum, H.-J. Krause, U. Reichel, H. Ibach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1234 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

C. W. van Hasselt, M. A. Verheijen, Th. Rasing, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9263 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (5)

T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. R. Shen, Nature (London) 337, 519 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. L. Richmond, J. M. Robinson, V. L. Shannon, Prog. Surf. Sci. 28, 1 (1989).
[Crossref]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

E. C. Fox, H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1104 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. E. Sipe, D. J. Moss, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 35, 1129 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (2)

S. A. Akhmanov, V. I. Emel’yanov, N. I. Koroteev, N. I. Seminogov, Sov. Phys. Uspekh. 28, 1084 (1985).
[Crossref]

C. Fiori, R. A. B. Devine, P. Meilland, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1058 (1985).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

P. J. Caplan, E. H. Poindexter, S. R. Morrison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 541 (1982).

1967 (1)

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 167 (1967).
[Crossref]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. I. Emel’yanov, N. I. Koroteev, N. I. Seminogov, Sov. Phys. Uspekh. 28, 1084 (1985).
[Crossref]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, V. N. Golovinka, T. V. Murzina, Opt. Lett. 19, 1450 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

Baranova, I. M.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

Bjorkman, C. H.

C. H. Bjorkman, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 11, 964 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 167 (1967).
[Crossref]

Bottomley, D. J.

D. J. Bottomley, G. Lüpke, H. M. van Driel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 33 (1994).

D. J. Bottomley, B. Lüpke, J. Mihaychuk, H. M. van Driel, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6072 (1993).
[Crossref]

G. Lüpke, D. J. Bottomley, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 47, 10389 (1993).
[Crossref]

Buczkowski, A.

L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
[Crossref]

Burstein, E.

T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caplan, P. J.

P. J. Caplan, E. H. Poindexter, S. R. Morrison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 541 (1982).

Chang, R. K.

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 167 (1967).
[Crossref]

Chyorni, I. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

Corn, R. M.

R. M. Corn, D. A. Higgins, Chem. Rev. 94, 107 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dadap, J. I.

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Daum, W.

W. Daum, H.-J. Krause, U. Reichel, H. Ibach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1234 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deny, Q.

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Devine, R. A. B.

C. Fiori, R. A. B. Devine, P. Meilland, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1058 (1985).
[Crossref]

Diebold, A. C.

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Doris, B.

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Downer, M. C.

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Emel’yanov, V. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. I. Emel’yanov, N. I. Koroteev, N. I. Seminogov, Sov. Phys. Uspekh. 28, 1084 (1985).
[Crossref]

Emmerichs, U.

U. Emmerichs, Phys. Rev. B 50, 5506 (1994).
[Crossref]

Evtyukhov, K. N.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

Fedyanin, A. A.

Fiori, C.

C. Fiori, R. A. B. Devine, P. Meilland, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1058 (1985).
[Crossref]

Fox, E. C.

E. C. Fox, H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1104 (1989).
[Crossref]

Golovinka, V. N.

Govorkov, S. V.

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

Heinz, T. F.

T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath, G. I. Stegeman, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), p. 355.

Higgins, D. A.

R. M. Corn, D. A. Higgins, Chem. Rev. 94, 107 (1994).
[Crossref]

Himpsel, F. J.

T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ibach, H.

W. Daum, H.-J. Krause, U. Reichel, H. Ibach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1234 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katayama, K.

L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
[Crossref]

Koroteev, N. I.

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

S. A. Akhmanov, V. I. Emel’yanov, N. I. Koroteev, N. I. Seminogov, Sov. Phys. Uspekh. 28, 1084 (1985).
[Crossref]

Krause, H.-J.

W. Daum, H.-J. Krause, U. Reichel, H. Ibach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1234 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravetskii, I. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

Kulyuk, L. L.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

Lee, C. H.

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 167 (1967).
[Crossref]

Ling, C. H.

C. H. Ling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 581 (1994).

Lowell, J. K.

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lüpke, B.

D. J. Bottomley, B. Lüpke, J. Mihaychuk, H. M. van Driel, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6072 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lüpke, G.

D. J. Bottomley, G. Lüpke, H. M. van Driel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 33 (1994).

G. Lüpke, D. J. Bottomley, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 47, 10389 (1993).
[Crossref]

Meilland, P.

C. Fiori, R. A. B. Devine, P. Meilland, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1058 (1985).
[Crossref]

Meyer, C.

C. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3001 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mihaychuk, J.

D. J. Bottomley, B. Lüpke, J. Mihaychuk, H. M. van Driel, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6072 (1993).
[Crossref]

Morrison, S. R.

P. J. Caplan, E. H. Poindexter, S. R. Morrison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 541 (1982).

Moss, D. J.

J. E. Sipe, D. J. Moss, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 35, 1129 (1987).
[Crossref]

Murzina, T. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, V. N. Golovinka, T. V. Murzina, Opt. Lett. 19, 1450 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

Palange, E.

T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrov, G. I.

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

Poindexter, E. H.

P. J. Caplan, E. H. Poindexter, S. R. Morrison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 541 (1982).

Qi, J.

Rasing, Th.

C. W. van Hasselt, M. A. Verheijen, Th. Rasing, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9263 (1990).
[Crossref]

Reichel, U.

W. Daum, H.-J. Krause, U. Reichel, H. Ibach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1234 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richmond, G. L.

G. L. Richmond, J. M. Robinson, V. L. Shannon, Prog. Surf. Sci. 28, 1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Robinson, J. M.

G. L. Richmond, J. M. Robinson, V. L. Shannon, Prog. Surf. Sci. 28, 1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Seminogov, N. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. I. Emel’yanov, N. I. Koroteev, N. I. Seminogov, Sov. Phys. Uspekh. 28, 1084 (1985).
[Crossref]

Shannon, V. L.

G. L. Richmond, J. M. Robinson, V. L. Shannon, Prog. Surf. Sci. 28, 1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, Nature (London) 337, 519 (1989).
[Crossref]

Shimura, F.

L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shumay, I. I.

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

Shutov, D.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

Sipe, J. E.

J. E. Sipe, D. J. Moss, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 35, 1129 (1987).
[Crossref]

Strubman, E. E.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

Svensson, C.

C. Svensson, in The Si–SiO2 System, P. Balk, ed. (Elsevier, London, 1988), Chap. 6.

Tamargo, M. C.

van Driel, H. M.

D. J. Bottomley, G. Lüpke, H. M. van Driel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 33 (1994).

D. J. Bottomley, B. Lüpke, J. Mihaychuk, H. M. van Driel, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6072 (1993).
[Crossref]

G. Lüpke, D. J. Bottomley, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 47, 10389 (1993).
[Crossref]

E. C. Fox, H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1104 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe, D. J. Moss, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 35, 1129 (1987).
[Crossref]

van Hasselt, C. W.

C. W. van Hasselt, M. A. Verheijen, Th. Rasing, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9263 (1990).
[Crossref]

Verheijen, M. A.

C. W. van Hasselt, M. A. Verheijen, Th. Rasing, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9263 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. V.

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

Yeganeh, M. S.

Yodh, A. G.

Zhong, L.

L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deny, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. J. Caplan, E. H. Poindexter, S. R. Morrison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 541 (1982).

L. Zhong, A. Buczkowski, K. Katayama, F. Shimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 931 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. H. Ling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 581 (1994).

Chem. Rev. (1)

R. M. Corn, D. A. Higgins, Chem. Rev. 94, 107 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. C. Fox, H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1104 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

C. Fiori, R. A. B. Devine, P. Meilland, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1058 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. J. Bottomley, B. Lüpke, J. Mihaychuk, H. M. van Driel, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6072 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

C. H. Bjorkman, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 11, 964 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kvantovaya Electron. (1)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, K. N. Evtyukhov, T. V. Murzina, I. V. Chyorni, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 19, 869 (1992).

Nature (1)

Y. R. Shen, Nature (London) 337, 519 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

U. Emmerichs, Phys. Rev. B 50, 5506 (1994).
[Crossref]

G. Lüpke, D. J. Bottomley, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 47, 10389 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. W. van Hasselt, M. A. Verheijen, Th. Rasing, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9263 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe, D. J. Moss, H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 35, 1129 (1987).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 167 (1967).
[Crossref]

T. F. Heinz, F. J. Himpsel, E. Palange, E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Daum, H.-J. Krause, U. Reichel, H. Ibach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1234 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3001 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. V. Kravetskii, L. L. Kulyuk, E. E. Strubman, D. Shutov, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 15, 37 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Lett. 15, 719 (1989)].

Prog. Surf. Sci. (1)

G. L. Richmond, J. M. Robinson, V. L. Shannon, Prog. Surf. Sci. 28, 1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. V. Govorkov, N. I. Koroteev, G. I. Petrov, I. I. Shumay, V. V. Yakovlev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 807 (1990).

Sov. Phys. Uspekh. (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, V. I. Emel’yanov, N. I. Koroteev, N. I. Seminogov, Sov. Phys. Uspekh. 28, 1084 (1985).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath, G. I. Stegeman, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), p. 355.

E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).

C. Svensson, in The Si–SiO2 System, P. Balk, ed. (Elsevier, London, 1988), Chap. 6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time-dependent SH signal after illumination of an oxidized Si(100) sample by a 770-nm beam for an incident irradiance of (a) 3 kW cm−2 and (b) 10 kW cm−2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Recovery of the SH signal from the saturation condition of Fig. 1(b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of fast (squares) and slow (circles) time constants on the incident beam average power. The solid lines are best fits to the data based on a simple power law as explained in the text.

Equations (6)

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E 2 ω a exp ( i ϕ ) + f ( t ) , I 2 ω ( t ) = C a exp ( i ϕ ) + f ( t ) 2 ,
d n i d t = ( n 0 i - n i ) / τ g i - n i / τ i .
n i ( t ) = n 0 i τ i τ i + τ g i { 1 - exp [ - ( τ i - 1 + τ g i - 1 ) t ] } .
f ( t ) = 1 - a f exp ( - t / τ f ) - a s exp ( - t / τ s ) ,
τ f - 1 = ( τ 1 - 1 + τ g 1 - 1 ) ,             τ s - 1 = ( τ 2 - 1 + τ g 2 - 1 ) .
I 2 ω ( 0 ) I 2 ω ( ) = | a exp ( i ϕ ) + 1 a | 0.2 ,

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