Abstract

We have demonstrated real-time all-optical bit-rate conversion and bit-sequence time reversal, using a variation of the swept-carrier frequency-selective optical storage/retrieval process. Working in the Mbit/s regime, we obtained order-of-magnitude bit-rate enhancements and reductions. Output signals appear in a time-forward or time-reversed format after an adjustable buffering storage time. Analysis of the method of its potential indicates applicability at substantially higher data rates.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Szabo, “Frequency selective optical memory,” U.S. patent3,896,420 (July22, 1975).
  2. G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. patent4,101,976 (July18, 1978).
  3. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  5. N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986); W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 65, 185 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 14, 423 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 264 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, J. Lumin. 48/49, 459 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Kröll, L. E. Jusinski, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 16, 517 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 15, 195 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1890 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. A. Shen, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 18, 1967 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Bai, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 18, 1189 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 17, 535 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. Lin, T. Wang, G. A. Wilson, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 91 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. H. Lin, T. Wang, G. A. Wilson, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 928 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
    [Crossref]
  19. W. R. Babbitt, J. A. Bell, Appl. Opt. 33, 1538 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  21. B. Kohler, S. Bernet, A. Benn, U. P. Wild, Opt. Lett. 18, 2144 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, H. Sasaki, K. Karaki, Opt. Lett. 19, 752 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. X. A. Shen, E. Chiang, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 19, 1246 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. G. K. Liu, R. L. Cone, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6193 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Mitsunaga, T. Takagahara, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3216 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1994 (3)

1993 (4)

1992 (2)

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 17, 535 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, T. Takagahara, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3216 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (4)

1990 (2)

M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 15, 195 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. Liu, R. L. Cone, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6193 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 14, 423 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

1984 (2)

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Babbitt, W. R.

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Babbitt, J. A. Bell, Appl. Opt. 33, 1538 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986); W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 65, 185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

Bai, Y. S.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986); W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 65, 185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
[Crossref]

Bell, J. A.

Benn, A.

Bernet, S.

Carlson, N. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
[Crossref]

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[Crossref]

Castro, G.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. patent4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Chiang, E.

Cone, R. L.

G. K. Liu, R. L. Cone, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Haarer, D.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. patent4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Huang, J.

J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jusinski, L. E.

Kaarli, R.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kachru, R.

Karaki, K.

Kim, M. K.

Kohler, B.

Kröll, S.

Lezama, A.

J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H.

Liu, G. K.

G. K. Liu, R. L. Cone, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Macfarlane, R. M.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. patent4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Mitsunaga, M.

Moerner, W. E.

W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Mossberg, T. W.

H. Lin, T. Wang, G. A. Wilson, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 91 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lin, T. Wang, G. A. Wilson, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 928 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 17, 535 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 11, 724 (1986); W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 65, 185 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
[Crossref]

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rätsep, M.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[Crossref]

Saari, P.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, H.

Shen, X. A.

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo, “Frequency selective optical memory,” U.S. patent3,896,420 (July22, 1975).

Takagahara, T.

M. Mitsunaga, T. Takagahara, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3216 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trommsdorff, H. P.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. patent4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Uesugi, N.

Wang, T.

Wild, U. P.

Wilson, G. A.

Yano, R.

Zhang, J.

J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984); T. W. Mossberg, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, “Optical cross-correlation and convolution apparatus,” U.S. patent4,670,854 (June2, 1987).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (2)

M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, J. Lumin. 48/49, 459 (1991).
[Crossref]

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, M. Rätsep, J. Lumin. 56, 175 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Electron. (1)

W. E. Moerner, J. Mol. Electron. 1, 55 (1985); Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Opt. Lett. (16)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. K. Liu, R. L. Cone, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Mitsunaga, T. Takagahara, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3216 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Huang, J. Zhang, A. Lezama, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 78 (1989); J. Huang, J. Zhang, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Szabo, “Frequency selective optical memory,” U.S. patent3,896,420 (July22, 1975).

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. patent4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Full temporal sequences of the bit-rate conversion process. (a)–(c) Top trace, left, input bit stream; top trace, right, output bit stream; bottom trace, frequency of reference beam (left) or read beam (right). (a) ℛ = 0.1 (blowup represents output). (b) ℛ = 10 (blowup represents input). (c) ℛ = −1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Effect of bit rate on signal-beam waveform fidelity. (a) Input data stream with a bit rate of 1.2 Mbits/s. (b), (c), (d), (e) Signal beams generated with the input bit sequence of (a) generated at bit rates of 1.2, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.3 Mbits/s, respectively. (f), (g), (h), (i) Numerically simulated signal beams corresponding to traces (b), (c), (d), (e), respectively.

Equations (2)

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E sig ( t ) E ref * ( ν ) E read ( ν ) E data ( ν ) exp ( 2 π i ν t ) d ν ,
E ( ν ) = E ( t ) exp ( - 2 π i ν t ) d t

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