Abstract

Strong photosensitive gratings of both type I and II have been demonstrated in germanium-free tin-doped phosphosilicate fibers. An index change of ~1.2 × 10−3 has been achieved in 40 s of exposure. The fibers have strong absorption (~0.8 dB/μm) at the writing wavelength of ~248 nm because of tin doping. This is the first time to our knowledge that such strong gratings have been written in a phosphorous-containing silica fiber without low-temperature hydrogenation and that type II gratings have been written in a germanium-free fiber. The tin-doping technique can be used to write gratings in rare-earth-doped phosphosilicate fibers and to produce low-N.A. fibers for mass production of strong single-pulse type II gratings during fiber pulling.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.
  2. T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.
  3. L. Dong, J. Pinkstone, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2106 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.
  5. P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD14.
  7. L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
    [Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (3)

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Archambault, J. L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD14.

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bilodeau, F.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Dong, L.

L. Dong, J. Pinkstone, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2106 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Hill, K. O.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Johnson, D. C.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Kitagawa, T.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Malo, B.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Mizrahi, V.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Morkel, P. R.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

Payne, D. N.

L. Dong, J. Pinkstone, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2106 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pinkstone, J.

Poole, S. B.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Reekie, L.

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD14.

Russell, P. St. J.

L. Dong, J. Pinkstone, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2106 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD14.

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Theriault, S.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1577 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1)

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, in Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Optical Communications (1993), Vol. 2, p. 65.

Other (3)

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

T. Kitagawa, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, J. Albert, S. Theriault, F. Bilodeau, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD-17.

L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD14.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UV absorption spectra measured in the tin-doped phosphosilicate preform before and after exposure to a KrF excimer laser beam for 5 min.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Induced absorption in the tin-doped phosphosilicate fiber after exposure to a KrF excimer laser for 5 min. The inset shows the dynamics of the induced absorption at 633 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Growth of a grating in the tin-doped phosphosilicate fiber written with a KrF excimer laser at 20 Hz with a pulse fluence of 0.25 J/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Growth of a grating in the tin-doped phosphosilicate fiber written with a KrF excimer laser at 20 Hz with a pulse fluence of 0.4 J/cm2. The inset shows the reflection spectrum of the grating.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission and reflection spectra of a type II grating written in the tin-doped phosphosilicate fiber.

Metrics