Abstract

A high-dynamic-range autocorrelation technique was used to characterize the temporal pulse shape of ultrashort laser pulses produced from four separate oscillators. These lasers included two Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators as well as a Nd:glass and a Ti:sapphire oscillator, each passively mode locked by an antiresonant Fabry–Perot semiconductor saturable absorber. It was shown that the Nd:glass oscillator supported a pulse that was temporally clean over 8 orders of magnitude.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1995 (5)

1994 (3)

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Piché, F. Salin, Opt. Lett. 18, 1041 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, Opt. Commun. 97, 215 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1991 (2)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Beaudoin, Y.

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brovelli, L. R.

Chaker, M.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Cheriaux, G.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Chien, C. Y.

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiu, T. H.

Coe, J. S.

Coe, S.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cote, C.

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P. F.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Darpentigny, G.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

DeLong, K. W.

Falcone, R. W.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feugnet, G.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP4.

Gilles, D.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goldblatt, N.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP4.

Harvey, J. D.

H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, Opt. Commun. 97, 215 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, J.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T.

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

Kieffer, J.-C.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

Korn, G.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Maksimchuck, A.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Matte, J.

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Matte, J. P.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, N.

F. Salin, J. Squier, G. Mourou, M. Piché, N. McCarthy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP5.

Mourou, G.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, J. Squier, G. Mourou, M. Piché, N. McCarthy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP5.

Murnane, M. M.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Negus, D. K.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP4.

Pepin, H.

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Peyrusse, O.

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Piché, M.

M. Piché, F. Salin, Opt. Lett. 18, 1041 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Salin, J. Squier, G. Mourou, M. Piché, N. McCarthy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP5.

Rosen, M. D.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roskos, H.

H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

M. Piché, F. Salin, Opt. Lett. 18, 1041 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Salin, J. Squier, G. Mourou, M. Piché, N. McCarthy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP5.

Seilmeir, A.

H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spinelli, L.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP4.

Squier, J.

F. Salin, J. Squier, G. Mourou, M. Piché, N. McCarthy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP5.

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tapié, J. L.

Trebino, R.

Weingarten, K. J.

White, W. E.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. A. Haus, Opt. Commun. 97, 215 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Roskos, A. Seilmeir, W. Kaiser, J. D. Harvey, Opt. Commun. 61, 81 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Fluids B (1)

J.-C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (1)

Z. Jiang, J.-C. Kieffer, J. P. Matte, M. Chaker, O. Peyrusse, D. Gilles, G. Korn, A. Maksimchuck, S. Coe, G. Mourou, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1702 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP4.

F. Salin, J. Squier, G. Mourou, M. Piché, N. McCarthy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 8 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PDP5.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement to generate the high-dynamic- range autocorrelation traces: BBO, KDP, crystals; ND, neutral density; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation trace of a pulse generated from a 1.053-μm KLM Ti:sapphire oscillator fitted to a 150-fs (FWHM) Gaussian profile.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace of a pulse generated from a 780-nm KLM Ti:sapphire oscillator shown with a 115-fs (FWHM) sech2 fit. The second peak is a reflection from the normal-incidence doubling crystal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace of a Nd:glass oscillator mode-locked by an A-FPSA sample fit to a 140 fs (FWHM) sech2 pulse shape. The spectrum is centered at 1.058 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation trace of a pulse generated from a Ti:sapphire oscillator mode locked with an A-FPSA. The spectrum was centered at 800 nm, and the fit is a 335-fs (FWHM) sech2 pulse shape.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of autocorrelation traces from all oscillators. Solid curve, KLM Ti:sapphire at 800 nm; dotted curve, KLM Ti:sapphire at 1.053 μm; dashed– dotted curve, Nd:glass mode locked with an A-FPSA; dashed curve, Ti:sapphire mode locked with an A-FPSA.

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