Abstract

Raman emission by an axicon-generated superluminal source is demonstrated. The anti-Stokes radiation is emitted at an angle defined by a Čerenkov-type condition. This technique of superluminal-source generation has advantages in both low pump self-phase modulation and compensation of temporal walk-off caused by group-velocity dispersion, rendering the scheme useful for efficient Raman conversion, pump–probe measurements, and harmonic and optical parametric generation with ultrashort intense pulses.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. R. Shen, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Askaryan, Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943 (1972).
  3. V. L. Ginzburg, Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1979), Chap. 8; B. M. Bolotovskii, V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).
  4. B. M. Bolotovskii, V. P. Bykov, Sov. Phys. Usp. 33, 477 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Y. Chiao, Phys. Rev. A 46, R34 (1993); R. Y. Chiao, J. Boyce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. L. Fisher, T. Tajima, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4338 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Golub, G. Erez, R. Shuker, J. Phys. B 19, L115 (1986); Opt. Commun. 57, 143 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Golub, Opt. Lett. 16, 305 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. P. Schafer, Appl. Phys. B 39, 1 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Szoke, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 490 (1964).
  13. V. N. Lugovoj, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 42 (1976).
  14. A. Penzkofer, A. Beidoun, J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum. Electron. 25, 317, 815 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Wulle, S. Herminghaus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. C. Weast, M. J. Ashe, eds., Handbook of Chemistry (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1986).
  17. Z. Bor, B. Rasz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 86, 431 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (4)

R. Y. Chiao, Phys. Rev. A 46, R34 (1993); R. Y. Chiao, J. Boyce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Fisher, T. Tajima, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4338 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Penzkofer, A. Beidoun, J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum. Electron. 25, 317, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Wulle, S. Herminghaus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 86, 431 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

B. M. Bolotovskii, V. P. Bykov, Sov. Phys. Usp. 33, 477 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. Golub, Opt. Lett. 16, 305 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

F. P. Schafer, Appl. Phys. B 39, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

I. Golub, G. Erez, R. Shuker, J. Phys. B 19, L115 (1986); Opt. Commun. 57, 143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Z. Bor, B. Rasz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

V. N. Lugovoj, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 42 (1976).

1975 (1)

Y. R. Shen, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

G. A. Askaryan, Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943 (1972).

1964 (1)

A. Szoke, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 490 (1964).

Askaryan, G. A.

G. A. Askaryan, Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943 (1972).

Beidoun, A.

A. Penzkofer, A. Beidoun, J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum. Electron. 25, 317, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bolotovskii, B. M.

B. M. Bolotovskii, V. P. Bykov, Sov. Phys. Usp. 33, 477 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bor, Z.

Z. Bor, B. Rasz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, V. P.

B. M. Bolotovskii, V. P. Bykov, Sov. Phys. Usp. 33, 477 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Canto-Said, E. J.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

R. Y. Chiao, Phys. Rev. A 46, R34 (1993); R. Y. Chiao, J. Boyce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 86, 431 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Erez, G.

I. Golub, G. Erez, R. Shuker, J. Phys. B 19, L115 (1986); Opt. Commun. 57, 143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, D. L.

D. L. Fisher, T. Tajima, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4338 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ginzburg, V. L.

V. L. Ginzburg, Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1979), Chap. 8; B. M. Bolotovskii, V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).

Golub, I.

I. Golub, Opt. Lett. 16, 305 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. Golub, G. Erez, R. Shuker, J. Phys. B 19, L115 (1986); Opt. Commun. 57, 143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Herminghaus, S.

T. Wulle, S. Herminghaus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jordan, C.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. H.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimura, W. D.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehmeier, J.

A. Penzkofer, A. Beidoun, J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum. Electron. 25, 317, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lugovoj, V. N.

V. N. Lugovoj, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 42 (1976).

Marowsky, G.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

A. Penzkofer, A. Beidoun, J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum. Electron. 25, 317, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

V. N. Lugovoj, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 42 (1976).

Rasz, B.

Z. Bor, B. Rasz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Romea, R. D.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, F. P.

F. P. Schafer, Appl. Phys. B 39, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shuker, R.

I. Golub, G. Erez, R. Shuker, J. Phys. B 19, L115 (1986); Opt. Commun. 57, 143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Stankov, K. A.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Steinhauer, L. C.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szoke, A.

A. Szoke, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 490 (1964).

Tajima, T.

D. L. Fisher, T. Tajima, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4338 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wulle, T.

T. Wulle, S. Herminghaus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

F. P. Schafer, Appl. Phys. B 39, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

A. Szoke, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 490 (1964).

J. Phys. B (1)

I. Golub, G. Erez, R. Shuker, J. Phys. B 19, L115 (1986); Opt. Commun. 57, 143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. Bor, B. Rasz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 86, 431 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

I. Golub, Opt. Lett. 16, 305 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum. Electron. (1)

A. Penzkofer, A. Beidoun, J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum. Electron. 25, 317, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Y. Chiao, Phys. Rev. A 46, R34 (1993); R. Y. Chiao, J. Boyce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. L. Fisher, T. Tajima, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4338 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Wulle, S. Herminghaus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. R. Shen, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (2)

G. A. Askaryan, Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 943 (1972).

V. N. Lugovoj, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 42 (1976).

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

B. M. Bolotovskii, V. P. Bykov, Sov. Phys. Usp. 33, 477 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. C. Weast, M. J. Ashe, eds., Handbook of Chemistry (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1986).

V. L. Ginzburg, Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1979), Chap. 8; B. M. Bolotovskii, V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a, Focusing with an axicon produces an excitation traveling at a velocity v = c/n cos φ along a focal length L. b, Longitudinal phase matching for the Čerenkov-type Raman four-wave mixing process. The laser wave vectors kL intersect at an angle φ, generating a superluminal source.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial distribution of the spectrally filtered out anti-Stokes radiation.

Equations (2)

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k aS cos θ = 2 k l cos φ - k S .
cos θ = ( 2 ω l / ω aS ) ( v aS / v SLS ) - ( ω S / ω aS ) ( v aS / v S ) .

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