Abstract

Femtosecond pulse amplification in a cladding-pumped fiber amplifier is demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge. Using a cladding-pumped erbium-doped fiber power amplifier and a passively mode-locked fiber seed oscillator in conjunction with an all-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system, we obtain 380-fs near-bandwidth-limited pulses with an average power of 260 mW. The pulse repetition rate is varied between 5 and 50 MHz, and pulse energies as high as 20 nJ are generated.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. E. Fermann, M. Hofer, F. Haberl, A. J. Schmidt, L. Turi, Opt. Lett. 16, 244 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 16, 539 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. E. Fermann, J. Appl. Phys. B 58, 197 (1994), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.
  5. J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.
  6. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1201 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.
  12. J. D. Minelly, Z. J. Chen, R. I. Laming, J. E. Caplen, “Efficient cladding pumping of an Er3+ fiber,” to be presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, 1995.
  13. M. E. Fermann, L. M. Yang, M. L. Stock, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 19, 43 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (5)

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, J. Appl. Phys. B 58, 197 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, L. M. Yang, M. L. Stock, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 19, 43 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1201 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

Barnes, W. L.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

Bennion, I.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J. D.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Caplen, J. E.

J. D. Minelly, Z. J. Chen, R. I. Laming, J. E. Caplen, “Efficient cladding pumping of an Er3+ fiber,” to be presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, 1995.

Chen, Z. J.

J. D. Minelly, Z. J. Chen, R. I. Laming, J. E. Caplen, “Efficient cladding pumping of an Er3+ fiber,” to be presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, 1995.

Duling, I. N.

Farries, M. C.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, J. Appl. Phys. B 58, 197 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, L. M. Yang, M. L. Stock, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 19, 43 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1201 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, M. Hofer, F. Haberl, A. J. Schmidt, L. Turi, Opt. Lett. 16, 244 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1201 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golovchenko, E. A.

Goodwin, M. J.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

Grudinin, A. B.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Harter, D.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 19, 1201 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, M.

Laliberte, B. M.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Laming, R. I.

J. D. Minelly, Z. J. Chen, R. I. Laming, J. E. Caplen, “Efficient cladding pumping of an Er3+ fiber,” to be presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, 1995.

Loh, W. H.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malony, A.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Menyuk, C. R.

Minelly, J. D.

J. D. Minelly, Z. J. Chen, R. I. Laming, J. E. Caplen, “Efficient cladding pumping of an Er3+ fiber,” to be presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, 1995.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

Minns, R. A.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Morkel, P. R.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Reid, D. C. J.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, R. F.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Rockney, B. H.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Schmidt, A. J.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Stock, M. L.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, J. E.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

Tricca, R. R.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Turi, L.

Yang, L. M.

Zhang, Y. H.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Malony, M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. E. Fermann, J. Appl. Phys. B 58, 197 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (4)

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, H. Po, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Rockney, R. R. Tricca, Y. H. Zhang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 622.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD33.

J. D. Minelly, Z. J. Chen, R. I. Laming, J. E. Caplen, “Efficient cladding pumping of an Er3+ fiber,” to be presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, 1995.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive-index profile of the Er3+-doped double-clad fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup of the high-power femtosecond fiber laser system. PBS’s, polarization beam splitters; PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal output power versus launched pump power of the cladding-pumped Er3+-doped power amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces (top) and corresponding pulse spectra (bottom) of the generated 12-, 5-, and 2-nJ pulses (top to bottom).

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