Abstract

We present an experimental study of the generation of second-harmonic light in a one-dimensional periodic structure truncated by the introduction of a defect in the central period. We observed an enhancement of the nonlinear interaction in the vicinity of the defect when the second-harmonic wave was excited for modes within the forbidden zone or stop band. We also observed an enhancement near the band edge, where the group velocity approaches zero. Second-harmonic generation is completely suppressed for local modes within the forbidden band other than the defect mode.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Martorell, N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. R. Smith, R. Dalidaouch, N. Kroll, S. Schultz, S. L. McCall, P. M. Platzman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 314 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. L. McCall, P. M. Platzman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1899 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. R. Meech, K. Yoshihara, Chem. Phys. Lett. 154, 20 (1989)J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4914 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Brown, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. 185, 985 (1969)T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 478 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Sieverdes, M. Pinnow, G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 54, 95 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Bloembergen, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. A 46, 46 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Bloembergen, P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  13. See, for example,A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  14. J. Martorell, R. Corbalán, Opt. Commun. 108, 319 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Martorell, R. Corbalán, Opt. Commun. 108, 319 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

F. Sieverdes, M. Pinnow, G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 54, 95 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. A 46, 46 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

J. Martorell, N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Meech, K. Yoshihara, Chem. Phys. Lett. 154, 20 (1989)J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4914 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. L. McCall, P. M. Platzman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1899 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

N. Bloembergen, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

F. Brown, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. 185, 985 (1969)T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 478 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

N. Bloembergen, P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowden, C. M.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. A 46, 46 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brommer, K. D.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, F.

F. Brown, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. 185, 985 (1969)T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 478 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Corbalán, R.

J. Martorell, R. Corbalán, Opt. Commun. 108, 319 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dalidaouch, R.

Dowling, J. P.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. A 46, 46 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gmitter, T. J.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kroll, N.

Lawandy, N. M.

J. Martorell, N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marowsky, G.

F. Sieverdes, M. Pinnow, G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 54, 95 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Martorell, J.

J. Martorell, R. Corbalán, Opt. Commun. 108, 319 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Martorell, N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuoka, M.

F. Brown, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. 185, 985 (1969)T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 478 (1982).
[CrossRef]

McCall, S. L.

Meade, R. D.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meech, S. R.

S. R. Meech, K. Yoshihara, Chem. Phys. Lett. 154, 20 (1989)J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4914 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P.

N. Bloembergen, P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pinnow, M.

F. Sieverdes, M. Pinnow, G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 54, 95 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Platzman, P. M.

Rappe, A. M.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scalora, M.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

Sieverdes, F.

F. Sieverdes, M. Pinnow, G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 54, 95 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sievers, A. J.

N. Bloembergen, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

See, for example,A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Yeh, P.

See, for example,A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Yoshihara, K.

S. R. Meech, K. Yoshihara, Chem. Phys. Lett. 154, 20 (1989)J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4914 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Sieverdes, M. Pinnow, G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 54, 95 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Bloembergen, A. J. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. R. Meech, K. Yoshihara, Chem. Phys. Lett. 154, 20 (1989)J. Phys. Chem. 94, 4914 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. McCall, P. M. Platzman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1899 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Martorell, R. Corbalán, Opt. Commun. 108, 319 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (2)

F. Brown, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. 185, 985 (1969)T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 478 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. A 46, 46 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, M. J. Bloemer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Martorell, N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1950 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3380 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

See, for example,A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Two one-dimensional stacks of alternating layers of indices n1 and n2 separated by an air gap or defect layer. The monolayer of nonlinear molecules is pictured on the front surface of the multilayer stack at the right. The widths of the dielectric layers and the defect layer are drawn to scale of the experimental parameters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflected SH intensity as a function of the angle of incidence, from the multilayer stack described in the text. The angle is given relative to the normal of the multilayer stacks. The filled circles indicate the experimental data; the dashed curve is a guide for the eye. The continuous curve corresponds to the numerical prediction of the theoretical analysis. The scale for the theoretical curve is reduced by a factor of 10 relative to the scale of the theoretical curve in Fig. 3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflected SH intensity when the separation among the multilayer stacks is larger than the coherence length of the laser pulse. The open circles indicate the experimental data, and the continuous curve corresponds to the numerical prediction of the theoretical analysis. The scales for the experimental data in this figure and Fig. 2 are the same.

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