Abstract

The enhanced-backscattering (EBS) phenomenon is investigated for the case in which a phase screen is placed close to a multiple-scattering medium. This situation results in a narrowing of the EBS peak that depends on the strength and the position of the phase screen. The resulting enhancement peak is essentially the sum of two contributions: the EBS produced by the multiple-scattering medium in the absence of the phase screen and the enhancement obtained when the multiple-scattering medium is replaced by a plane mirror.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985).
  2. P. R. Tapster, A. R. Weeks, E. Jakeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 517 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. S. Agrovskii, A. N. Boguratov, A. S. Gurrvich, S. V. Kireev, V. A. Myakinin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1142 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. P. M. Saulnier, G. H. Watson, Opt. Lett. 17, 946 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Ospeck, S. Fraden, Phys. Rev. E 49, 4578 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Z. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Optik 93, 52 (1993).
  9. Duke Scientific catalog number 3450A.
  10. K. M. Yoo, G. C. Tang, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 29, 3236 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Waves Random Media 2, 259 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 2, 222 (1994).

1994 (2)

M. Ospeck, S. Fraden, Phys. Rev. E 49, 4578 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 2, 222 (1994).

1993 (1)

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Optik 93, 52 (1993).

1992 (2)

P. M. Saulnier, G. H. Watson, Opt. Lett. 17, 946 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Waves Random Media 2, 259 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

K. M. Yoo, G. C. Tang, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 29, 3236 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agrovskii, B. S.

Alfano, R. R.

K. M. Yoo, G. C. Tang, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 29, 3236 (1990).
[Crossref]

Andrejco, M. J.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asakura, T.

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 2, 222 (1994).

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Optik 93, 52 (1993).

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Waves Random Media 2, 259 (1992).
[Crossref]

Boguratov, A. N.

Dogariu, A.

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 2, 222 (1994).

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Optik 93, 52 (1993).

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Waves Random Media 2, 259 (1992).
[Crossref]

Etemad, S.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fraden, S.

M. Ospeck, S. Fraden, Phys. Rev. E 49, 4578 (1994).
[Crossref]

Goodman, W.

W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985).

Gurrvich, A. S.

Jakeman, E.

John, S.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kireev, S. V.

MacKintosch, F. C.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myakinin, V. A.

Ospeck, M.

M. Ospeck, S. Fraden, Phys. Rev. E 49, 4578 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pine, D. J.

J. Z. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saulnier, P. M.

Tang, G. C.

K. M. Yoo, G. C. Tang, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 29, 3236 (1990).
[Crossref]

Tapster, P. R.

Thompson, R.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uozumi, J.

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 2, 222 (1994).

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Optik 93, 52 (1993).

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Waves Random Media 2, 259 (1992).
[Crossref]

Watson, G. H.

Weeks, A. R.

Weitz, D. A.

J. Z. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, K. M.

K. M. Yoo, G. C. Tang, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 29, 3236 (1990).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. Z.

J. Z. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

K. M. Yoo, G. C. Tang, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 29, 3236 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (1)

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Optik 93, 52 (1993).

Part. Part. Syst. Charact. (1)

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 2, 222 (1994).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Z. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Ospeck, S. Fraden, Phys. Rev. E 49, 4578 (1994).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, F. C. MacKintosch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waves Random Media (1)

A. Dogariu, J. Uozumi, T. Asakura, Waves Random Media 2, 259 (1992).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985).

Duke Scientific catalog number 3450A.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Enhanced backscattering produced by coherent sources resulting from time-reversed pairs of light paths. Geometry of retroreflection from a, a VSM; b, a RPS placed close to a mirror; and c, a VSM placed behind a RPS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experiment: BS, beam splitter; LP, linear polarizer; QW, quarter-wave plate; L, collecting lens.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized cones of enhanced-backscattered intensity I(θ) corresponding to scattering from a VSM alone and from different combinations of a VSM and a RPS as indicated. The experimental data (open symbols) are fitted to the theoretical model of Ref. 7 (dashed curves).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Values of the apparent transport mean free path as a function of the separation distance between a VSM and a RPS. The circles correspond to a RPS determined by a glass–air interface, and the squares correspond to a RPS determined by a glass–water interface.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Values of the apparent transport mean free path as a function of 1/c, the inverse concentration of microspheres. The circles correspond to the combination of a VSM plus a RPS kept at a fixed distance d, and the squares correspond to the scattering from the VSM alone.

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