Abstract

We produced ultraviolet radiation by frequency tripling the mode-locked emission of an external cavity laser containing a tapered GaAlAs amplifier gain element. The 429-nm second harmonic produced by a KNbO3 crystal was sum-frequency mixed with the 858-nm fundamental in a Li3BO5 crystal, generating as much as 50 μW of power at 286 nm.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.
  2. M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD18.
  3. F. Laurell, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 16, 449 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Okabe, Photochemistry of Small Molecules (Wiley, New York, 1978).
  8. S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. H. Mount, F. L. Eisele, Science 256, 1187 (1992)P. S. Stevens, J. H. Mather, W. H. Bruno, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 3543 (1994)P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. A. Coxon, D. A. Ramsay, Can. J. Phys. 54, 1034 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. G. Nestlen, in Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites, M. H. Unsworth, D. Fawler, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 569.
  13. E. S. Yeung, C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3988 (1973)R. G. Miller, E. K. C. Lee, Chem. Phys. Lett. 33, 104 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. H. Daum, S. R. Springston, in Measurement Challenges in Atmospheric Chemistry, L. Newman, ed. (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 1101.
  15. L. Goldberg, D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 20, 1145 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Mehuys, SDL, Inc., San Jose, California 95134 (personal communication, 1995).
  18. C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Pinto, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (personal communication, 1995).
  22. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. Mehuys, L. Goldberg, D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1179 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (4)

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 20, 1145 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurell, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, L. Goldberg, D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

G. H. Mount, F. L. Eisele, Science 256, 1187 (1992)P. S. Stevens, J. H. Mather, W. H. Bruno, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 3543 (1994)P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1976 (1)

J. A. Coxon, D. A. Ramsay, Can. J. Phys. 54, 1034 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

E. S. Yeung, C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3988 (1973)R. G. Miller, E. K. C. Lee, Chem. Phys. Lett. 33, 104 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

F. Laurell, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bradshaw, J. D.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brinkman, M. J.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD18.

Brown, J. B.

F. Laurell, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Coxon, J. A.

J. A. Coxon, D. A. Ramsay, Can. J. Phys. 54, 1034 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Daum, P. H.

P. H. Daum, S. R. Springston, in Measurement Challenges in Atmospheric Chemistry, L. Newman, ed. (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 1101.

Davis, D. D.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deacon, D. A.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD18.

Dorris, K. S.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Eisele, F. L.

G. H. Mount, F. L. Eisele, Science 256, 1187 (1992)P. S. Stevens, J. H. Mather, W. H. Bruno, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 3543 (1994)P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 20, 1145 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, L. Goldberg, D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hammerich, A.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Laurell, F.

F. Laurell, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malekei, L.

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

Mehuys, D.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, L. Goldberg, D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, SDL, Inc., San Jose, California 95134 (personal communication, 1995).

Moore, C. B.

E. S. Yeung, C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3988 (1973)R. G. Miller, E. K. C. Lee, Chem. Phys. Lett. 33, 104 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Mount, G. H.

G. H. Mount, F. L. Eisele, Science 256, 1187 (1992)P. S. Stevens, J. H. Mather, W. H. Bruno, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 3543 (1994)P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nestlen, M. G.

M. G. Nestlen, in Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites, M. H. Unsworth, D. Fawler, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 569.

Oh, D. B.

Okabe, H.

H. Okabe, Photochemistry of Small Molecules (Wiley, New York, 1978).

Pinto, J.

J. Pinto, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (personal communication, 1995).

Ramsay, D. A.

J. A. Coxon, D. A. Ramsay, Can. J. Phys. 54, 1034 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rodgers, M. O.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romanovsky, A.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD18.

Sakurai, T.

Sandholm, S. T.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D.

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sidel, D. J.

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

Springston, S. R.

P. H. Daum, S. R. Springston, in Measurement Challenges in Atmospheric Chemistry, L. Newman, ed. (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 1101.

Sugiyama, K.

Vuletic, V.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D.

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D. F.

D. Mehuys, L. Goldberg, D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Williams, A.

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

Wu, B.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yeung, E. S.

E. S. Yeung, C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3988 (1973)R. G. Miller, E. K. C. Lee, Chem. Phys. Lett. 33, 104 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Yoda, J.

Yu, L.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hammerich, T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurell, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

J. A. Coxon, D. A. Ramsay, Can. J. Phys. 54, 1034 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Mehuys, L. Goldberg, D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

E. S. Yeung, C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3988 (1973)R. G. Miller, E. K. C. Lee, Chem. Phys. Lett. 33, 104 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Wu, K. Wu, W. Zheng, L. Yu, Nature (London) 373, 322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

G. H. Mount, F. L. Eisele, Science 256, 1187 (1992)P. S. Stevens, J. H. Mather, W. H. Bruno, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 3543 (1994)P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (7)

H. Okabe, Photochemistry of Small Molecules (Wiley, New York, 1978).

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD18.

D. Mehuys, SDL, Inc., San Jose, California 95134 (personal communication, 1995).

P. H. Daum, S. R. Springston, in Measurement Challenges in Atmospheric Chemistry, L. Newman, ed. (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 1101.

M. G. Nestlen, in Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites, M. H. Unsworth, D. Fawler, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 569.

J. Pinto, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (personal communication, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for THG. FI, Faraday isolator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Second-harmonic output under mode-locked and cw laser operation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Third-harmonic average output at 286 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

UV power versus wavelength, I = 2.4 A.

Equations (1)

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P 3 = 8 ω 0 2 k 0 d eff 2 π ɛ 0 n 1 n 2 n 3 c 3 h ( B , ξ ) ( 1 - γ 2 ) L P 1 P 2 ,

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