Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first observation of quasi-phase-matched parametric fluorescence in the 1.2–2.3-μm region, at ambient temperature, in lithium tantalate waveguides, using a pump wavelength between 805 and 845 nm. The signal fluorescent power depends strongly on the proton concentration in the waveguide, and signals of up to 7 pW have been observed for guided pump powers of 70 mW, which is 1 order of magnitude lower than the efficiency measured with lithium niobate guides.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Hampel, W. Sohler, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 229 (1986).
  2. W. Sohler, H. Suche, in Digest of the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 89–90.
  3. P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. L. Bortz, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD13.
  8. W. B. Spillman, N. A. Sanford, R. A. Soref, Opt. Lett. 8, 497 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
  10. G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2732 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  14. G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 108 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  15. W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Webjorn, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 589 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. J. Matthews, A. R. Mickelson, S. W. Novak, J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2562 (1992).
    [Crossref]

1993 (3)

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Webjorn, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 589 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

P. J. Matthews, A. R. Mickelson, S. W. Novak, J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2562 (1992).
[Crossref]

W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2732 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 108 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

B. Hampel, W. Sohler, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 229 (1986).

1983 (1)

1977 (1)

G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Arbore, M. A.

M. L. Bortz, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD13.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Arvidsson, G.

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[Crossref]

Aschieri, P.

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Baldi, P.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Banti, X.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

Barnoski, M. K.

G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Bortz, M. L.

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. L. Bortz, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD13.

Byer, R. L.

G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 108 (1990).
[Crossref]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[Crossref]

De Micheli, M.

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

De Micheli, M. P.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Delacourt, D.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

El Hadi, K.

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Eyres, L. A.

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V. A.

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Fejer, M. M.

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[Crossref]

G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 108 (1990).
[Crossref]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. L. Bortz, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD13.

Gay, J. C.

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

Gopalan, V.

W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
[Crossref]

Gupta, M. C.

W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hampel, B.

B. Hampel, W. Sohler, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 229 (1986).

Hsu, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
[Crossref]

Korkishko, Yu. N.

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Laurell, F.

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lee, A.

G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
[Crossref]

Legal, H.

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

Leycuras, A.

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lissalde, F. C.

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

Lotspeich, J. F.

G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
[Crossref]

Magel, G. A.

G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 108 (1990).
[Crossref]

Matthews, P. J.

P. J. Matthews, A. R. Mickelson, S. W. Novak, J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2562 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mickelson, A. R.

P. J. Matthews, A. R. Mickelson, S. W. Novak, J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2562 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2732 (1991).
[Crossref]

Nouh, S.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Novak, S. W.

P. J. Matthews, A. R. Mickelson, S. W. Novak, J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2562 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Papuchon, M.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Peuzin, J. C.

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

Sanford, N. A.

Sohler, W.

B. Hampel, W. Sohler, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 229 (1986).

W. Sohler, H. Suche, in Digest of the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 89–90.

Soref, R. A.

Spillman, W. B.

Suche, H.

W. Sohler, H. Suche, in Digest of the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 89–90.

Tangonan, G. L.

G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
[Crossref]

Taniuchi, T.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2732 (1991).
[Crossref]

Tasson, M.

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

Webjorn, J.

J. Webjorn, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 589 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[Crossref]

Willand, C. S.

W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2732 (1991).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

G. L. Tangonan, M. K. Barnoski, J. F. Lotspeich, A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 238 (1977).
[Crossref]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2732 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 108 (1990).
[Crossref]

W.-Y. Hsu, C. S. Willand, V. Gopalan, M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2263 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 29, 1539 (1993).
[Crossref]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

M. Tasson, H. Legal, J. C. Gay, J. C. Peuzin, F. C. Lissalde, Ferroelectrics 13, 479 (1976).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. J. Matthews, A. R. Mickelson, S. W. Novak, J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2562 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Webjorn, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 589 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

B. Hampel, W. Sohler, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 229 (1986).

Other (4)

W. Sohler, H. Suche, in Digest of the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), pp. 89–90.

K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. P. De Micheli, A. Leycuras, V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Control of proton exchange for LiTaO3 waveguides and crystal structure of HxLi1−xTaO3,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

M. L. Bortz, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD13.

P. Baldi, P. Aschieri, S. Nouh, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental (points) and calculated (continuous curves) tuning curves of the sharp fluorescence peak signal and idler wavelengths versus pump wavelength at ambient temperature for a 20-μm domain inversion period and a 3-μm-wide guide after each of the three processing stages. The injected pump power was 10 ± 2 mW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the signal wavelength as a function of the injected pump power at ambient temperature. The measurements have been done for LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 at two different sample processing stages: the initial stage (⊡) and after the second annealing (◆).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal power as a function of the injected pump power for two different sample processing stages: the initial stage and after the second annealing.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristics of the Waveguides Realized through the 3-μm Openings

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison between Calculated and Experimentally Measured Parametric Efficiencies in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3 Periodically Poled Waveguides

Metrics