Abstract

Experiments on laser action in scattering systems with gain reveal that even in the non diffusive regime interface reflection effects do not enhance linewidth collapse. Instead we show that in dye systems replacing the cell wall with a mirror causes broadening and that removing Fresnel reflection at the surface results in narrower emission lines.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.
  4. V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, Ch. M. Briskina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Gouedard, D. Husson, C. Sauteret, F. Auzel, A. Migus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2358 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 109–185.
  7. A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, Nature (London) 368, 400 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. M. Lawandy, A. S. L. Gomes, R. M. Balachandran, in The 1993 International Conference on Luminescence, ICL ’93 Technical Digest (University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn., 1993), paper Th1A3.
  9. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PDP14.
  10. R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper QFE1.
  11. R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, D. P. Pacheco, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper MB6.
  12. R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper TuN1.
  13. W. L. Sha, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 19, 1922 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, P. Venkateswarlu, in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1994 Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), Vol. 2, paper SS6.3.
  15. M. Siddique, Q. Z. Wang, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper WH5.
  16. S. Ahmed, Z.-W. Zang, K. M. Yoo, M. A. Ali, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 33, 2746 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. M. Lawandy, Photon. Spectra (July1994), pp. 119–124.

1994

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, Nature (London) 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Sha, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 19, 1922 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ahmed, Z.-W. Zang, K. M. Yoo, M. A. Ali, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 33, 2746 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, Photon. Spectra (July1994), pp. 119–124.

1993

1991

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, Ch. M. Briskina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, S.

Alfano, R. R.

S. Ahmed, Z.-W. Zang, K. M. Yoo, M. A. Ali, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 33, 2746 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Sha, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 19, 1922 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siddique, Q. Z. Wang, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper WH5.

Ali, M. A.

Ambartsumyan, R. V.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 109–185.

Auzel, F.

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, A. S. L. Gomes, R. M. Balachandran, in The 1993 International Conference on Luminescence, ICL ’93 Technical Digest (University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn., 1993), paper Th1A3.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PDP14.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper QFE1.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, D. P. Pacheco, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper MB6.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper TuN1.

Basov, N. G.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 109–185.

Benner, R. E.

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

Briskina, Ch. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, Ch. M. Briskina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, P. Venkateswarlu, in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1994 Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), Vol. 2, paper SS6.3.

Chang, R. K.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drake, J. M.

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, Nature (London) 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, Nature (London) 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PDP14.

N. M. Lawandy, A. S. L. Gomes, R. M. Balachandran, in The 1993 International Conference on Luminescence, ICL ’93 Technical Digest (University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn., 1993), paper Th1A3.

Gouedard, C.

Hill, S. C.

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

Husson, D.

Kryukov, P. G.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 109–185.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, Photon. Spectra (July1994), pp. 119–124.

N. M. Lawandy, A. S. L. Gomes, R. M. Balachandran, in The 1993 International Conference on Luminescence, ICL ’93 Technical Digest (University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn., 1993), paper Th1A3.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PDP14.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper QFE1.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper TuN1.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, D. P. Pacheco, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper MB6.

Letokhov, V. S.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 109–185.

Liu, C. H.

W. L. Sha, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 19, 1922 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siddique, Q. Z. Wang, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper WH5.

Markushev, V. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, Ch. M. Briskina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, P. Venkateswarlu, in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1994 Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), Vol. 2, paper SS6.3.

Noginova, N. E.

M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, P. Venkateswarlu, in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1994 Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), Vol. 2, paper SS6.3.

Pacheco, D. P.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, D. P. Pacheco, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper MB6.

Pine, D. J.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, S.-X.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauteret, C.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PDP14.

Sha, W. L.

Siddique, M.

M. Siddique, Q. Z. Wang, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper WH5.

Snow, J. B.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzeng, H.-M.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkateswarlu, P.

M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, P. Venkateswarlu, in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1994 Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), Vol. 2, paper SS6.3.

Wang, Q. Z.

M. Siddique, Q. Z. Wang, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper WH5.

Weitz, D. A.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, K. M.

Zang, Z.-W.

Zhu, J. X.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zolin, V. F.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, Ch. M. Briskina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, Nature (London) 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Spectra

N. M. Lawandy, Photon. Spectra (July1994), pp. 119–124.

Phys. Rev. A

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, Ch. M. Briskina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, P. Venkateswarlu, in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1994 Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), Vol. 2, paper SS6.3.

M. Siddique, Q. Z. Wang, C. H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper WH5.

S. C. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 109–185.

N. M. Lawandy, A. S. L. Gomes, R. M. Balachandran, in The 1993 International Conference on Luminescence, ICL ’93 Technical Digest (University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn., 1993), paper Th1A3.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PDP14.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper QFE1.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, D. P. Pacheco, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper MB6.

R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994, paper TuN1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Peak emission and linewidth as a function of the pump fluence for a scattering gain medium consisting of 2 × 1011/cm3 TiO2 nanoparticles (~250-nm diameter) in a 2.5 × 10−3 M solution of Rhodamine 640 perchlorate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Broadening of the emission spectrum from a scattering gain medium at fluences of (a) 5.65 mJ/cm2 and (b) 25 mJ/cm2 with and without the introduction of a mirror.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Narrowing of the emission spectra from a solid scattering gain medium under index-matching conditions at the pump face. The medium is excited with a Q-switched, mode-locked, and frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm focused to a 2.38 × 10−3 cm2 spot.

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