Abstract

Tunable UV radiation near 215 nm was produced by frequency quadrupling the 860-nm emission of a mode-locked external-cavity compound semiconductor laser containing a tapered GaAlAs amplifier. A KNbO3 crystal generated the 430-nm second harmonic, which was doubled by a β-BaB2O4 crystal, producing tunable UV radiation with as much as 15 μW of average power.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.
  2. M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), postdeadline paper CPD18.
  3. F. Laurel, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 17, 449 (1991); D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Okabe, Photochemistry of Small Molecules (Wiley, New York, 1978).
  6. R. N. Zare, P. J. Dagdigian, Science 185, 739 (1974); J. L. Kinsey, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 28, 349 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Two notable exceptions are airborne LIF instruments for in situ measurements of NO/NO2 (Ref. 8) and OH/HO2.9 For reviews of atmospheric remote sensing using lasers, seeLaser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, ed., Vol. 94 of Chemical Analysis Series (Wiley, New York, 1988).
  8. S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadian, D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2.

1994 (3)

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurel, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 17, 449 (1991); D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1974 (1)

R. N. Zare, P. J. Dagdigian, Science 185, 739 (1974); J. L. Kinsey, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 28, 349 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Allen, N. T.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. G.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

F. Laurel, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bradshaw, J. D.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brinkman, M. J.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), postdeadline paper CPD18.

Brown, J. B.

F. Laurel, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, R. C.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dagdigian, P. J.

R. N. Zare, P. J. Dagdigian, Science 185, 739 (1974); J. L. Kinsey, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 28, 349 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, D. D.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deacon, D. A.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), postdeadline paper CPD18.

Demusz, J. N.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadian, D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2.

Dorris, K. S.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gurzadian, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadian, D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2.

Hanisco, T. F.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hazen, N. L.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Lanham, N. W.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lapson, L. B.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laurel, F.

F. Laurel, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malekei, L.

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

Mehuys, D.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosian, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadian, D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2.

Okabe, H.

H. Okabe, Photochemistry of Small Molecules (Wiley, New York, 1978).

Oliver, J. F.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rodgers, M. O.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bradshaw, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, Appl. Opt. 21, 2493 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romanovsky, A.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), postdeadline paper CPD18.

Sakurai, T.

K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 17, 449 (1991); D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandholm, S. T.

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D.

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sidel, D. J.

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

Sugiyama, K.

K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 17, 449 (1991); D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welch, D.

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wennberg, P. O.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Williams, A.

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

Yoda, J.

K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 17, 449 (1991); D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zare, R. N.

R. N. Zare, P. J. Dagdigian, Science 185, 739 (1974); J. L. Kinsey, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 28, 349 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 522 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurel, J. B. Brown, J. D. Bierlein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1872 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Mehuys, D. Welch, D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 29, 1254 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1070 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

S. T. Sandholm, J. D. Bradshaw, K. S. Dorris, M. O. Rodgers, D. D. Davis, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 10155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. Sugiyama, J. Yoda, T. Sakurai, Opt. Lett. 17, 449 (1991); D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

R. N. Zare, P. J. Dagdigian, Science 185, 739 (1974); J. L. Kinsey, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 28, 349 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

Two notable exceptions are airborne LIF instruments for in situ measurements of NO/NO2 (Ref. 8) and OH/HO2.9 For reviews of atmospheric remote sensing using lasers, seeLaser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, ed., Vol. 94 of Chemical Analysis Series (Wiley, New York, 1988).

H. Okabe, Photochemistry of Small Molecules (Wiley, New York, 1978).

A. Williams, D. J. Sidel, L. Malekei, in Digest of Advanced Solid-State and Blue Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWC8.

M. J. Brinkman, A. Romanovsky, D. A. Deacon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), postdeadline paper CPD18.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadian, D. N. Nikogosian, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average UV and blue power versus fundamental power. The solid lines show the Pω2 and Pω4 dependencies of SHG and FHG, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative UV power versus λ at a TA current of 2.0 A.

Metrics