Abstract

We report self-pumped phase conjugation in a Cu:KNSBN crystal for light diffusely reflected from a rough surface. We have demonstrated wave-front distortion compensation for diffuse reflection. We have experimentally studied the dependence of the phase-conjugation reflectivity on the f-number of a lens imaging the spot upon the diffuser into the crystal and on the size of the beam incident upon the diffuser surface. Finally, with a Michelson interferometer we observed the phase fluctuation of the phase-compensated wave front.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).
  2. R. Saxena, P. Yeh, Optical Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2.
  3. M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. A. Mullen, D. J. Vickers, L. West, D. M. Pepper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1726 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Siahmakoun, T. Harrer, Appl. Opt. 32, 7281 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Zhao, I. Yamaguchi, Opt. Commun. 112, 163 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Kawata, S. Kawata, Appl. Opt. 32, 730 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. R. Sreedhar, N. Krishana Moha, R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Eng. 33, 1989 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Paul, Bets, W. Around, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Matsuda, H. Nakano, S. Nagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L987 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 569 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

M. Zhao, I. Yamaguchi, Opt. Commun. 112, 163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Sreedhar, N. Krishana Moha, R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Eng. 33, 1989 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1992 (2)

R. A. Mullen, D. J. Vickers, L. West, D. M. Pepper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1726 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuda, H. Nakano, S. Nagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L987 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

M. Paul, Bets, W. Around, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1972 (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Around, W.

M. Paul, Bets, W. Around, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bets,

M. Paul, Bets, W. Around, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Faizullov, F. S.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Feinberg, J.

Harrer, T.

Kawata, S.

Kawata, Y.

Krishana Moha, N.

P. R. Sreedhar, N. Krishana Moha, R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Eng. 33, 1989 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuda, Y.

Y. Matsuda, H. Nakano, S. Nagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L987 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, R. A.

Nagai, S.

Y. Matsuda, H. Nakano, S. Nagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L987 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, H.

Y. Matsuda, H. Nakano, S. Nagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L987 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Paul, M.

M. Paul, Bets, W. Around, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pepper, D. M.

Propovichev, V. I.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Qin, Y.

M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ragulsky, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Saxena, R.

R. Saxena, P. Yeh, Optical Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2.

Siahmakoun, A.

Sirohi, R. S.

P. R. Sreedhar, N. Krishana Moha, R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Eng. 33, 1989 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sreedhar, P. R.

P. R. Sreedhar, N. Krishana Moha, R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Eng. 33, 1989 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vickers, D. J.

West, L.

Yamaguchi, I.

M. Zhao, I. Yamaguchi, Opt. Commun. 112, 163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

R. Saxena, P. Yeh, Optical Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2.

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Zhao, M.

M. Zhao, I. Yamaguchi, Opt. Commun. 112, 163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.

M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Paul, Bets, W. Around, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Propovichev, V. V. Ragulsky, F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Matsuda, H. Nakano, S. Nagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L987 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Zhao, I. Yamaguchi, Opt. Commun. 112, 163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. R. Sreedhar, N. Krishana Moha, R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Eng. 33, 1989 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

M. Zhao, Y. Li, Y. Qin, W. Zhao, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1558, 529 (1991); E. J. Sharp, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 17, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. Saxena, P. Yeh, Optical Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Incident beam, (b) scattered speckle pattern at the lens aperture, (c) phase-compensated beam after the second reflection at the diffuse surface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of phase-conjugate reflectivity on (a) the f-number of an imaging lens and (b) the spot size on the diffuser surface.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Temporal intensity fluctuations of the distortion-compensated beam and the interference signal, (b) the phase-fluctuation term separated from (a). P.C., Phase conjugate.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power spectrum of the phase-fluctuation term.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Frequency of the highest spectral peak versus the input power on the crystal.

Equations (1)

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I = I p + I R + 2 I P I R cos Δ ϕ ,

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